Alex Rivera 1996

Rivera, captures the process of migration and the social changes immigrants face in order to be considered a model United States citizen. The issues that are presented through his films impact the Latino communities because of the realism that is presented by characters in his films. They establish relationships with audiences, not only from the Latin/Latino community, but from all those who have experience dehumanization from their host countries. Rivera wants his viewers to understand that the “American Dream, is five minutes into the future, where the relationship between technology and a variety of political issues where it is precisely through a visualization of the dehumanization of migrants through technology that the film engages with their humanization.”Rivera was born in 1973 in New York City, New York. His father is a Peruvian immigrant and his mother is an American citizen. Growing up as a bicultural youth in New Jersey, he took an interest in the fields of film, digital media, and science fiction. He is well known for his work Sleep Dealer, which premiered in the 2008 Sundance Film Festival. He was awarded the Creative Capital Moving Image Award, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Feature Film Prize and the Waldo Salt Screenwriting Award.

Rivera studied political science and media theory at Hampshire College, graduating in 1995. He is also a New York-based digital media artist and filmmaker. Due to his knowledge and background in cinematography, his work address concerns of the Latino community concentrating on political issues such as migration, race and gender. In addition he uses language as a form of satire and humor to enhance the understanding Latinos contributions within various Anglo communities, much like the mockumentary A Day Without a Mexican. According to his website, Rivera states that “over the past ten years he’s been making work that illuminates two massive and parallel realities: the globalization of information through the internet, and the globalization of families, and communities, through mass migration.”
Alex Rivera has made films about labor, immigration, and politics since the 1990s. Some of his work has been viewed as mockumentaries and works that illustrate the transnational struggles of immigrants. Rivera’s work reveals the transnational obstacles immigrants face in fighting for inclusion in the U.S. while providing for public development back in their hometowns. Rivera’s films raise questions about “immigrant labor as a mobile commodity and the relationship of this commodity (and the bodies that perform it) to capital accumulation”. Rivera’s use of hometown associations in his films illustrates the use of transnational neighborhoods (also referred to as transnational barrios) as a source of organization. Rivera also illustrates how immigrants use the dollar from the U.S. to reverse U.S.’s exploitation of the immigrant’s hometown. His films also critique how U.S. immigration policy dehumanizes immigrants for their labor, and critiques neoliberal economic globalization through futuristic examples. Rivera’s most notable film for critiquing U.S. immigration policies through futuristic examples has been Sleep Dealer, which is described as a “sci-fi border saga.” Rivera is said to use influences such as Star Wars and El Norte to express the struggles of immigrants. In an interview Rivera draws parallels to express the U.S. as the Galactic Empire and the victims of U.S.’s immigration and economic policies as the Rebel Forces.Sometime after November 24, 2001 and prior to March 27, 2002, Mr. Rivera left New York for Puerto Rico, where it appears that he voluntarily enrolled in a drug treatment program. (See Complaint dated March 27, 2003, ¶ 8; Presentence Investigation Report dated April 3, 2003, 1117, 135; Letter from Defense Attorney John Byrnes dated April 22, 2003, at 2.) There, he disclosed to a drug counselor two of the bank robberies to which he pleaded guilty, and the counselor’s guidance convinced him to admit these offenses to the authorities. On March 27, 2002, he disclosed the two robberies to the FBI and was arrested that same day. An indictment against Mr. Rivera was then filed on May 30, 2002 and charged only these two robberies.

Mr. Rivera also seeks a departure pursuant to § 5K2.16 for voluntary disclosure of his offense. The Government in its submissions to the Court does not dispute that Mr. Rivera’s disclosure of the November 5, 2001 robbery of Banco Popular on Second Avenue in Manhattan and the November 24, 2001 robbery of Banco Popular on East 116th Street in Manhattan as bases for downward departure pursuant to § 5K2.16. The Government does dispute the availability of a departure based on voluntary disclosure as regards the remaining six bank robberies because, according to the Government, “Rivera has failed to establish that, by the time he advised the Government of his additional crimes, he did not know that discovery of these offenses were likely or imminent.” (Letter from Assistant United States Attorney Wilson Leung dated April 23, 2003, at 4.)
The Court is not persuaded that a departure is warranted based on the alleged inadequacy of Mr. Rivera’s criminal history score. Mr. Rivera argues that because the predicate crimes qualifying him for career offender statusboth being robberiesoccurred some ten years ago and within three months of each other, career offender status overstates the seriousness of his criminal history. The Court disagrees for two reasons. First, Mr. Rivera’s criminal background, either as reflected in the presentence investigation report or in the government’s letter to the Court dated April 23, 2003, includes, among other things, a prior attempted assault and a conviction for assault as recently *315 as September 15, 2000. Additionally, a departure on this basis appears to the Court to be inconsistent with the policy statement to § 4A1.3, providing as an example of an appropriate circumstance in which to depart on this basis the case of a defendant with two minor misdemeanor convictions close to ten years prior to the instant offense and no other evidence of prior criminal behavior in the intervening period. Here, in addition to the subsequent assault in 2000, Mr. Rivera has been convicted of narcotics possession offenses and petit larceny during this intervening period as well. For these reasons, Mr. Rivera’s motion for downward departure based on an inadequate criminal history score pursuant to § 4A1.3 is denied. Even if a departure were not permissible solely pursuant to § 5K2.16, the Court further concludes that the circumstances surrounding Mr. Rivera’s disclosures taken together with the pre-arrest and post-arrest rehabilitation efforts on the record combine to present additional grounds to depart. See United States v. Workman, 80 F.3d 688, 701-702 (2d Cir. 1996) (pre-arrest rehabilitation efforts can serve as a basis for departure); United States v. Maier, 975 F.2d 944, 947 (2d Cir.1992) (post-arrest rehabilitationin this case, drug treatmentcan serve as a basis for departure). Indeed, the circumstances of Mr. Rivera’s disclosures are inextricably connected with his rehabilitation efforts. The record indicates that following his crimes, Mr. Rivera left New York for Puerto Rico, where he enrolled in a drug treatment center. The fact that he disclosed two of his robberies to a drug counselor indicates that his motives and attitude in this vein were genuine. This conclusion is underscored by his willingness, following the advice of his counselor, to disclose these activities to the authorities as well, a decision that he surely knew would result in criminal proceedings of some sort, particularly in light of the absence of any indication that Mr. Rivera had reason to believe he was a suspect in these crimes. While Mr. Rivera did not disclose the other six robberies at that particular time, the Court will not ignore his pre-arrest rehabilitation efforts and activities simply because he could have made a fuller confession. The only meanin
gful difference in the surrounding circumstances between the initial disclosure and the subsequent one is the fact of Mr. Rivera’s arrest. By the time of that arrest, some four months had elapsed since the robberies had occurred, and by the time the superceding information was filed, some ten months had passed. The Government has offered no evidence, and the Court is aware of none, indicating either that the Government’s investigation had progressed during this intervening time to the point where the Government was about to charge Mr. Rivera for these additional robberies or that Mr. Rivera knew that the filing of any such charges was imminent. In fact, Mr. Rivera’s attorney represents that Mr. Rivera had no such knowledge. (Letter to the Court dated April 22, 2003 from John Byrnes at 2.)Furthermore, in this vein, shortly after his arrest, Mr. Rivera did reveal the remaining six robberies and accepted the *317 attendant consequences, and, again, there is no evidence that either the Government was about to charge him with these additional robberies or that Mr. Rivera knew that any such additional charges were forthcoming. Additionally, following his arrest, during his detention pretrial, Mr. Rivera completed a 1000-hour vocational training course to be an electrical mechanic. While this accomplishment itself is insufficient to take Mr. Rivera’s rehabilitation efforts outside the heartland of these kinds of efforts, it is evidence of his continuing seriousness to rehabilitate. In this vein, the Court is persuaded that the voluntary disclosure of eight bank robberies, where there is no indication that Mr. Rivera knew he would have been arrested for these crimes otherwise, coupled with his contemporaneous enrollment in drug treatment and the subsequent vocational training he completed during his detention, combine to present extraordinary grounds, outside the heartland of such cases, to depart pursuant to § 5K2.0 both independently on the basis of extraordinary rehabilitation, and in combination with the circumstances of Mr. Rivera’s voluntary disclosure. See United States v. Cordoba Murgas, 233 F.3d 704, 709, (2d Cir.2000); United States v. Broderson, 67 F.3d 452, 458-59 (2d Cir.1995).

Defendant Alexander Rivera seeks a downward departure from the applicable sentencing guidelines range in this case on three grounds: pre- and post-arrest rehabilitation, voluntary disclosure, and the adequacy of his criminal history score. A court must evaluate such motions to determine whether there are factors that potentially bring a case outside the “heartland” of cases contemplated by the United States Sentencing Guidelines. See Koon v. United States, 518 U.S. 81, 95-95, 116 S. Ct. 2035,135 L. Ed. 2d 392 (1996).
Following his arrest and indictment, Mr. Rivera revealed the additional six robberies to his attorney, whose guidance convinced Mr. Rivera to disclose these additional offenses to the authorities, again presumably knowing that the confession would in all probability result in additional criminal charges and enhanced penalties. Thereafter, on September 19, 2002, a superceding information was filed in this matter charging Mr. Rivera with all eight robberies.

*316 Section 5K2.16, however, by its plain language, requires disclosure prior to discovery of the offense. See United States v. Roberts, 313 F.3d 1050, 1055 (8th Cir. 2002); United States v. Aerts, 121 F.3d 277, 280 (7th Cir. 1997); United States v. Brownstein, 79 F.3d 121, 123 (9th Cir. 1996). In the context of the crime of bank robbery, which isto borrow the language of the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals in Aerts, 121 F.3d at 280the sort of “public crime” the commission of which is “publically known” essentially in due course, rigid application of this requirement categorically forecloses departure on this ground in the context of any bank robbery charge. The Court finds this result draconian and inconsistent with the principles underlying downward departures as envisioned and provided for by the Sentencing Commission.
Defendant Alexander Rivera (“Rivera”) entered a plea of guilty before this Court on eight counts of a superseding information, No. SI 02 Cr. 0714, charging him with bank robbery in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 2113(A). Rivera seeks a downward departure from the applicable sentencing guidelines range in this case on three grounds: pre- and post-arrest rehabilitation, voluntary disclosure and the adequacy of his criminal history score. For the reasons set forth on the record of Rivera’s sentencing hearing on May 9, 2003 Rivera’s motion is GRANTED in part.This Court is persuaded by the reasoning of the Tenth Circuit in United States v. Jones, 158 F.3d 492, 502 (10th Cir.1998), which, in a largely analogous context concluded: “While not falling squarely within the departure provision [of § 5K2.16], we cannot conclude the inevitable discovery of [the defendant’s] offense somehow transforms his nonetheless voluntary disclosure into an impermissible basis for departure. Moreover, there is nothing in the record to indicate [the defendant] was aware the Federal Bureau of Investigation had received a lead….” Id. Indeed, by not disputing the application of § 5K2.16 to the November 5, 2001 robbery of Banco Popular on Second Avenue in Manhattan and the November 24, 2001 robbery of Banco Popular on East 116th Street in Manhattan, the Government implicitly, it appears, recognizes the logic behind this reasoning. For these reasons, the Court concludes that a downward departure is warranted by these circumstances for voluntary disclosure of the offense pursuant to § 5K2.16 as to each crime to which Mr. Rivera has pleaded guilty.

Present continuous tense atau yang sering kali disebut present progressive tense ini adalah tenses bahasa Inggris yang digunakan untuk menunjukkan sebuah tindakan atau kejadian yang sedang terjadi pada saat pembicaraan sedang berlangsung.
Candidly, Alexander Rivera told Anthony Panza and his Grinchy sidekick that he was caught with the torso of his victim. He says he made sure that the incident with his daughter was included in a police report and chuckled when he revealed that he “only got 5 to 15 for it. While he had to be punished for his crime, it seems the courts recognized the extreme duress that was caused him by his daughter being violated. For his Christmas ride as Santa, Anthony Panza and his wingman, dressed as the Grinch, rode around together on a tandem bike bringing holiday tidings to the citizens of New York. They stopped to take a picture with a pedestrian, who was more than happy to tell them his story. His name is Alexander Rivera, and he had quite a shocking story to tell. It is clear from the video that Anthony Panza got more than he bargained for when he asked Alexander Rivera if he wanted a picture together with Santa and the Grinch. However, Alexander Rivera was very friendly and more than willing to engage with the social media star, volunteering his dark story with humor and acceptance. Murder is always a punishable crime, but it is easy to see where a man can be driven to such immense rage when his daughter has been assaulted.Professional BMX biker and social media personality Anthony Panza got a big surprise during his ride as Santa Claus through the streets of Manhattan in a recent video. Paired up with the Grinch, he was bringing Christmas cheer around the city when he stopped to interview someone for the holiday. His interview subject turned out to be none other than convicted murderer Alexander Rivera, who stated, “I’m Alexander Rivera, in ’96, a guy touched my daughter in 819…I beat him up, he had an aneurysm, I stomped him out, he died, and I chopped his body up through the incinerator.”Anthony Panza included this encounter in his 23-minute-long YouTube Christmas video and cropped the excerpt to share on his Tik Tok. Fans responded positively to Alexander
Rivera’s story, many of them admitting that they would do something similar if faced with what Rivera’s victim did. Some made Tik Tok duets or videos that are featured in tandem with the original, expressing their opinion about what Rivera did and how upfront he was with the BMX biking media personality.Anthony Panza makes a lot of videos of himself riding various bikes around New York City and interacting with the public. The pro BMX rider is sponsored by Cult Crew, of which he is a member, as well as Merritt and Vans. He takes to the street on his YouTube channel with his bikes and skateboards to ride around town, displaying them to his social media audiences on Instagram and YouTube as well as to the people he encounters on his treks.

Alexander Rivera told Anthony Panza that he was convicted of murder in 1996 when a neighbor touched his daughter inappropriately. Rivera beat his victim so severely, including stomping on him, that the alleged predator had an aneurysm that killed him. Whether to hide the body or to continue punishing him for his sick transgression, Alexander Rivera dismembered the other man and threw almost all of his body in the incinerator of his building.
Joseph Kallinger was a psychotic schizophrenic from Kensington. Before you say, “That isn’t news” let me remind you that his murderous rampage occurred in a time where people left their doors open and would never suspect the neighborhood cobbler to be a serial killer.

Rivera is one of the most colorful and powerful figures in the documentary. He was basically the Scarface of Kenzo, with a couple hundred extra pounds on his frame. The dude was like Biggie Smalls fat. He was at the head of a large scale criminal organization. Rivera is reputed to have engaged in acts of violence, even murder, to hold down his turf. He was sentenced to life in prison for drug trafficking in 2011.Not until 1998 after an investigation by Philadelphia Magazine’s Stephen Fried into the mysterious deaths did Marie Noe admit to suffocating 8 out of her 10 children in the span of 19 years, the most of any mother in American history, to police. Noe, 81, was convicted in 1999 and sentenced to five years of house arrest and 20 years probation. Today, Marie Noe is 86 years old.

“It’s unacceptable, and it’s intolerable.” Those were Representative Curtis Thomas’s words at a community meeting on Friday, June 9th, as he deplored a recent spike in gun violence, which has… Shortly after their elopement they had a baby boy, Richard Allen, in 1949, who passed away after one month. The Noe’s second child, Elizabeth, born in September of 1950, passed after just five months. In both instances, Marie was the only person present when the children were discovered dead. Both were DOA, no autopsy was performed on Richard and Elizabeth’s autopsy was incomplete. Alex “Reds” Rivera once stood on a Kensington street corner while being interviewed by BBC journalist Louis Theroux. Rivera was wearing a $25,000 chain. Theroux was wearing a bullet-proof vest.Heidenblut did the deed on December 31, 1872. Maybe he was just ready to party like it was already 1873. Unfortunately, two years later, he would spend New Year’s Eve on death row knowing he’d be executed in three weeks. That’s where it gets a bit colorful.Like Al Capone, Joey Merlino and Tony Soprano, Reds liked being in the public eye. He had no problem standing on the corner with tens of thousands of dollars worth of jewelry in the Badlands because if you messed with him you’d be in the vacants—“The Wire” style. The best part of this documentary (besides watching a fat, red-haired Hispanic man refute his kingpin status while laughing as jovially as a demonic Santa Claus) are the farm animals roaming around a standard trash strewn Kensington lot next to him. I’m pretty sure it’s a power thing, like when Tony Montana buys a lion…or was it a tiger? Having goats counts for something. One thing’s for sure: Alex “Reds” Rivera is one of the baddest mother fuckers ever to walk the streets of Kensington.

On July 12, 1963, Life Magazine published an article about the infant death trend. Interviewed in this article were Andrew and Martha Moore, a couple who had lost eight children since their first in 1949. However, everyone in West Kensington knew the Moores as Art and Marie Noe.
“Elizabeth was a lot stronger than Richard was, and she was fighting when the pillow was over her face. I held the pillow over her face until she stopped moving,” Noe told police in 1998.The trend continued and eight more children were born to Art and Marie between 1950 and 1968, not a single child made it past 14 months. Most of the deaths were attributed to “aspiration of vomitus” or “bronchopneumonia”.

On Thursday, June 8th, leaders from the City and The Philadelphia Opportunities Industrialization Center (OIC), a workforce enhancement non-profit, came together to unveil BankWork$’s arrival to Philadelphia. BankWork$ is a…

Joseph Kallinger was born in Northern Liberties. He raised a family and worked as a shoemaker in Kensington. At some point Kallinger began to lose his mind. He went on a rampage across South Jersey, killing and raping the whole way with his 13-year-old son at his side. He almost got away with the three homicides had it not been for a smooth talking writer and Kallinger’s lust to be immortalized for his crimes.
The next time you’re driving, biking, or walking through the tunnel on Belgrade Street between Lehigh Avenue and Seltzer Street, allow yourself to be safely distracted. Throughout June, local artist…

The early autopsies had files missing and later autopsies led authorities to believe the deaths were natural or accidental. The babies had no major injuries to indicate any kind of trauma and as far as authorities were concerned it was just a series of poor luck and mysterious circumstances.The debate over sanctuary city status is a hot topic, both locally and nationally. For years, cities like Philadelphia were forced to pick up the tab when rounding up and…

She befriended Kallinger while he was incarcerated and dissected every wicked synapse of his twisted mind for her book. She convinced him to confess to committing three murders, one of which was his own son, allegedly for insurance money. According to an Inquirer article from 1996, his living son made a deal to drop the murder charges in exchange for his cooperation. That same article says that Kallinger was convicted of three murders and died in prison in 1996 at the age of 59.

Are there dead bodies under the sidewalk along the Palmer Street side of the Palmer Burial Grounds? That is the million dollar question that no one is sure of. When…When Art eloped with Marie she was barely literate and was unable to complete simple arithmetic. Marie also in several instances told her husband that her blood was “wicked” due to a transfusion she received and that several drugs had been tested on her at a young age.

Whether you think they are evil, disturbed or just straight up crazy, people have both repulsed and fascinated by the lives and minds of serial killers. The Riverwards are home to some of the sickest, baddest mofos in Philly’s history. Members of our staff did some digging and made this list of five sociopathic fucks that at one point called these neighborhoods home.

Penn Treaty Park’s new ADA accessible playground is complete, with a sparkling complement of slides, swings, and tunnels. The renovations are thanks to a coalition of the Riverwards community, particularly…
Apparently it was NOT time to make the donuts. Frederick Heidenblut killed his boss, Gottfried Kuehnle, at Kuehnle’s home and bakery on Frankford below Girard.Parker’s body was found behind an empty mobile home. An initial investigation didn’t produce any evidence or witnesses able to link a suspect to her death.

GBI agents conducted a review of the case in May 2016 and resubmitted evidence for analysis. Advancements in forensic technology allowed them to develop new evidence. That evidence and recent interviews led to Rivera’s arrest.
The Georgia Bureau of Investigation said in a news release that agents arrested 49-year-old Octavious Alexander Rivera on Thursday. He’s charged with murder in the May 1996 death of Bridgett Felicia Parker in Fitzgerald.In 1996, in the year that Alex C Rivera was born, on April 3rd, Theodore Kaczynski (nicknamed the Unabomber) was arrested. His mailed or hand-delivered bombs, sent between 1978 and 1995, killed three people and injured 23 others. Diagnosed as suffering from paranoid schizophrenia, Kaczynski is serving 8 life sentences without the possibility of parole.

AncientFaces is a place where our memories & family stories live. Where we share what we remember to make discoveries and meaningful connections with others.
In 1997, in the year of Alex C Rivera’s passing, on June 26th, the first Harry Potter book by J. K. Rowling was released. “Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone” was an immediate success and spawned not only sequels but also movies, video games, plays, and amusement park attractions. J.K. Rowling, at the time of the first book a poor single mother, has become a multi-billionaire.When you share a memory, or just show that you care by interacting with the biography, the heart becomes full and you’ll be alerted when others do the same. We’ll connect you with others who know the person you follow.You may not know this. But Alexander Rivera is still at the top of his game when it comes to acting. After all, he has been working in the industry since Alexander Rivera 1996, so his experience and talent have grown immensely. Plus, Alexander has several upcoming projects lined up that are sure to be a hit with his fans. Currently on his schedule are two feature films and one animation. Project—all of which are set to be release in 2022. You may not know this, but Alexander Rivera 1996 transition from theater. To film in the early 2000s would be the start of a long and successful career. In-demand for his natural acting skills and on-screen presence. Alexander quickly found himself cast in a number of big-budget films. That would define him as one of the most sought-after stars of the time.Alexander Rivera’s story has shown us the importance of staying positive and motivat even when faced with obstacles. While it took hard work and dedication to get to where he is today. The rewards are well worth the effort.Perhaps his biggest break was being cast as ‘Jason’ in the 2002 drama. “The Fitting” which garnered critical acclaim and was screened at multiple international film festivals. It was here that he proved his capability as an actor. His range and leaving audiences spellbound with memorable performances.Growing up, Alexander had a strong passion for performing from the very beginning. He enrolled in acting classes at the local theater school during weekends and trained diligently after school every day. Driven by his desire to bring stories to life on stage and screen, he gave it his all in pursuit of his acting dreams.

Alexander Rivera’s story is an inspiring one and serves as a reminder of just how much. One can achieve if they stay dedicated and focused on their goals. It’s a great example of how a young actor can make it in the industry and have a successful career.
In addition, he was never afraid to be daring or take risks. When it came to acting – something which worked wonders for him! He showed audiences something new each time, inspiring young actors to do the same.Welcome to the first chapter of Alexander Rivera 1996 story! The young actor, born in 1996, is originally from San Diego, and started honing his craft at a young age. He was raised by his parents, both immigrants from Mexico and Guatemala. His father worked in construction and his mother was a cleaner. From them, Alexander learned the value of hard work and determination.

Another memorable appearance was in an episode of ‘Just Shoot Me’, where Alexander played an ice cream delivery guy who quickly captures Finch’s attention. His character was hilarious and his delivery was spot on – it’s no wonder this episode has been re-watched countless times!

In 1998, Alexander appeared as a waiter in a classic episode of ‘Friends’, where he played Rachel’s blind date. Looking back, his performance was truly endearing and he managed to deliver his lines with perfect comic timing. It was definitely one for the archives!
Alexander Rivera 1996 talent for acting was officially discovered in 1996 after he took part in a local theater production. This opened the doors to the entertainment industry, and before long, he was appearing on TV shows like Nickelodeon’s All That. He also had minor roles in hit films such as The Parent Trap and Big Daddy, which led to him being cast as an extra in the iconic film Titanic.

It was his role as Jesse in Nickelodeon’s The Journey of Allen Strange that really transformed Alexander Rivera’s career, setting him up for success. Soon after came his role as Raymond Figg on the hit show Even Stevens and then as himself on an episode of Sesame Street! Talk about a busy year!
What was it that kept viewers and casting directors interested? His on-screen charisma! Alexander had this magnetic appeal that always shone through during his roles. Whether it was playing a love interest, a fighter or a villain. He always played every character with confidence and finesse – it’s no surprise that he quickly became a fan favorite.These appearances marked the beginnings of Alexander Rivera’s successful acting career. Laying the foundations for more exciting projects down the line. Alexander Rivera 1996 acting career quickly picked up speed in the late 1990s with a series of memorable TV appearances. You may not know this, but he appeared in a variety of shows from that era that have become cult favorites – including ‘Friends’, ‘Just Shoot Me’ and ‘7th Heaven’. Proof that hard work really pays off, Alexander Rivera set a high standard for young actors everywhere to aspire to. He is certainly inspiring many today! We can’t wait to see what else he will achieve in 2020 and beyond!It’s clear that Alexander Rivera’s career isn’t slowing down anytime soon! With so many exciting projects on the horizon, you can’t help but be excited for what’s to come next.