Rapier Combat is a style of historical fencing practiced in the Society for Creative Anachronism (SCA). The primary focus is to study, replicate and compete with styles of rapier sword-fighting found in Europe during the Renaissance period, using blunted steel swords and a variety of off-hand defensive items. Participants wear period clothing while competing, along with or incorporating protective equipment (such as modern fencing masks) for safety. In the April 2020 update of the rules, the sport was renamed ‘Fencing Combat’.The round robin portion of the tournament has ended, and the following combatants will exit their pools into the double elimination round: Llewellyn Zohane Robert Tytes Gerhardt Camille Melchior Cassius Pontianus Rodrigo de Medina Caine Jean-Pierre Millicent Rowan Mat Wyck James O’Galleghure Yin Firebow Matija Double Elimination Round Each match will be determined by the …The tournament has ended, and Millicent Rowan stands victorious. The Consort’s Champion will be announced during court this evening. The Gazette thanks the MoLs and outgoing champions for their help and support. Any mistakes are entirely the fault of the Gazette. This year’s Pennsic War is a contest between the Kingdoms of the East, the Middle, and Ealdormere and their allies vs Æthelmearc and Northshield and their allies. EK-Mid Rapier earned another four War Points. The EK-Mid Rapier Army took all four time checks in the Woods Battle today. They captured 11 of 12 flags over … The tournament is down to the final four. As a reminder, all previous losses are now forgiven. Each match will be determined by a single set of three bouts. The rapier combatants remaining in today’s tournament are as follows: Firebow Gerhardt Millicent Rowan Cassius When two gentles remain, the finals will be fought as follows: …
d. Blades may have a single, gradual curve. Any blade with kinks, sharp bends, or cracks shall not be used. Blades that develop these defects cannot be repaired and must be retired. Blades with “S” curves shall not be used unless they can be properly re-curved or re-straightened.
a. Declining to Grant Authorization. It is the responsibility of the marshallate to decline authorization to those persons who are unable to demonstrate safe and competent fencing. Marshals declining authorization should provide candidates with detailed reasons for doing so, and with advice regarding further work that may be done to prepare for authorization. Candidates who are declined authorizations should be informed of their right to appeal this decision to the Kingdom Youth Rapier Marshal.All external links are not part of the East Kingdom website. Inclusion of a page or site here is neither implicit nor explicit endorsement of the site. Further, SCA, Inc. is not responsible for content outside of *.eastkingdom.org. 1) A valid thrust is an attack with the point of a blade that is firm enough that pressure in line with the thrust is felt against the body. A valid thrust is not negated or lessened due to the blade tip sliding after contact with the target. ii. Before sanctions are imposed, the Earl Marshal, Kingdom Marshal of Fence, or the Kingdom Youth Rapier Marshal should discuss the sanction with the marshal. A written statement of removal must be sent to the marshal so sanctioned, and to the Kingdom Minister of the Lists.
iv. Both modern fencing masks and rapier helms shall show no evidence of impending failure (e.g., significant rust or dents, or other defects including spread open mesh, broken weld points, etc.). If there is concern about the face mesh of a modern fencing mask, it should be tested using a standard, commercial 12 kg mask punch. Marshals doing the testing must be trained in the use of the punch. ii. It is the responsibility of each marshal on the field is to ensure the safety of the fencers, the spectators, and the other marshals. A marshal is only secondarily a referee of the bout, and then only if requested by the combatants, or in the event of a serious safety problem or rules violation. While active marshaling is discouraged, a marshal observing a serious infraction should not hesitate to step in and deal with the problem. c. Cloaks and other non-rigid parrying devices may be used to parry or foul an opponent’s weapon but shall not be used to entrap a weapon (i.e. entangle a weapon so that it may not be withdrawn from the device). 3. Candidates should be promptly informed of the outcome of the authorization, and the marshals’ reasons for the grant or denial of authorization. Marshals are encouraged to discuss with the candidate the strengths and weaknesses demonstrated in the authorization, as well as to provide suggestions for improvement. b. The Light Rapier and Dagger blades must be tipped by a blunt striking surface of at least 3/8” (9 mm) in diameter. A commercial fencing tip is known to meet this standard. The tip shall be taped or fastened in place using a bright color that contrasts with both the tip and the blade so that a broken blade or the loss of the tip will be readily apparent. The striking portion of the tip shall not be covered so that it may be inspected for excessive wear.1. Following is the procedure for authorizations. Marshals may, at their discretion, spend more or less time on a given element as needed to properly assess a candidate. Before attempting to authorize, a fencer should review these procedures, and should be aware of the expectations of the marshallate, as described below.c. The study and recreation of period techniques are to be encouraged, and emphasis should be placed on the practice of the art of defense, not on competition.2. Rigid Parry Device – Rigid parrying devices must be made of sturdy materials, resistant to breakage and splintering. Device edges shall not be jagged, rough, or sharp. If a device has the potential to splinter or develop sharp edges, then the device shall be covered in such a way as to minimize the risk of injury. 2. All fencers, and the parent or guardian thereof, prior to every official practice or SCA event, shall ensure their equipment is safe, in good working order and has been inspected by a marshal.
The Youth Rapier Rules are designed to promote safe rapier combat in the East Kingdom. However, no matter how clear or accurate, rules cannot replace common sense, good judgment, and concern for the participants. If a question arises when applying these standards, choose the answer that promotes the greatest degree of safety for all participants.2. Parental Approval and Attendance – No minor may participate in any martial activity, including practice and bouting at official SCA events and practices, without parental (or guardian) approval and supervision, as described below and in Section IV.B (4) of the Youth Rapier Rules.1) The Nasycon “Aramis” plastic foil may be used in Division 1 if participant is unable to use a foil. Plastic foils may not be used against metal foils.
f. At no time shall a Youth Rapier Marshal allow any adult at a Youth Rapier activity (including parents) to strike any youth fighter at this activity with a weapon of any type, expect as provided in Sec. II.A(5), above.b. Striking a combatant with a parrying device, or with any part of a weapon not approved for that purpose, is prohibited, as is grabbing or trapping a combatant’s equipment. 8. Any fencer affected by a call of “hold” should immediately drop to one knee. During a hold, fencers are not permitted to take any action which may confer a tactical advantage (e.g. moving, discussing tactics with teammates, resurrecting, etc.).6. “Hold” shall be called whenever a marshal, fencer or spectator, believe conditions require it. Such conditions include, but are not limited to, (a) a safety hazard, such as equipment failure or a non-combatant on the field and (b) violations of the Youth Rapier Rules. Upon hearing the call of “hold” all combat shall immediately stop. The combatants shall freeze, check for hazards in their immediate vicinity, and then assume a non-threatening position with their weapons pointed away from their opponents.
i. Violation of the Youth Rapier Rules should be reported to the Marshal-in-Charge. Depending on the severity of the incident, the report may be passed up the chain of command, and may result in further sanctions. Before a sanction is imposed by the marshallate, the marshal taking the action should discuss the sanction with the fencer and his or her parent or guardian. For all sanctions, the ability to appeal the sanction to the next marshallate level should be made clear to the fencer and his or her parent or guardian.The East Kingdom youth rapier program is divided into three divisional stages, structured by the age of the participants. Divisional equipment standards and regulations are detailed below. As always, a participant’s progress within their division and access to progressive weapon forms is at the discretion of the youth marshal in charge. f. Blades will not be altered by grinding, cutting, heating, hammering, or other actions that could significantly alter their temper, flexibility or durability, excepting that the tang of the weapon may be altered. Normal combat stresses and blade care do not violate this rule. iii. Before fencing begins, the marshal should examine the terrain for problems such as large rocks, holes, wet areas, soft spots, etc. Fields and floors that are slippery or otherwise lack traction can contribute to injuries. If there are unavoidable problem areas, marshals should try to keep fencers clear of them or otherwise block them off. A marshal has the right and responsibility to restrict the list field, particularly for safety reasons.a) Reprimand – After an incident which a marshal on the field considers to be unsafe or a violation of the Youth Rapier Rules, the marshal should warn or reprimand the fencer against such action. The marshal should discuss the incident with the fencer and his or her parent or guardian, preferably in a private setting, and make sure that the fencer understands the relevant rules or conventions that have been violated. The fencer and his or her parent or guardian should be made to understand that continuing such behavior could result in more serious sanctions. A marshal who reprimands or warns a fencer should inform the Marshal-in-Charge that a warning or reprimand was issued, and briefly explain the reasons for the reprimand or warning.These materials need only be tested at the marshal’s discretion; all other materials must be tested the first time new gear is used, or if no marshal on the field knows a given piece of gear to have been tested. Kevlar is not an acceptable material, as it degrades rapidly.2. Once the sparring and bouting are completed, the two marshals performing the authorization should then, outside the presence of the candidate, discuss the strengths and weakness demonstrated in the course of the authorization. They may accept suggestions and observations from other marshals, marshals-in-training, or observers, but they must make the final decision regarding authorization. Options available to the youth marshals include: 3. Non-Rigid Parry Device – Non-rigid parrying devices may be made of cloth, leather, foam or similar materials. They may be weighted with soft material such as rope or rolled cloth; they shall not be weighted with any rigid material, nor with materials that are heavy enough to turn the device into a flail or impact weapon. 3. At the discretion of the Marshal-in-Charge, killing from behind may be allowed, but must be announced beforehand. “Death from behind” is performed by laying a blade over the opponent’s shoulder, to at least a third of the blade, while calling “Dead, my lord” (or other short, courteous phrases) in a loud, clear voice. Reaching around the neck is forbidden. The opponent will be deemed “killed” from the instant the blade touches his or her shoulder. “Death from behind” may not be avoided or negated by spinning, ducking or dodging away after contact with the blade is made as described above.9. A fencer whose equipment fails in any way (e.g. a blade breaks, a mask becomes dislodged, a tip falls off, torn clothing reveals bare skin) during a melee must immediately yield and promptly leave the field. Before re-entering the field (whether the melee is ongoing or not), the fencer must pass a re-inspection and receive permission to re-enter from a marshal on the field.
1. No one may use a weapons form in a tournament or melee held at an official SCA event unless they have been properly authorized in that form. Weapons forms for which authorization may be granted are:b. A Youth Rapier Marshal’s first and foremost concern is to safeguard, to the best of his or her ability, the wellbeing of the youth that are in his or her care. A Youth Rapier Marshal shall neither allow nor be a party to any inappropriate behavior at a Youth Fighter Program activity at which he/she is present.
At least one person, 18 years or older, responsible for an individual youth fencer must be present at the event or official practice while the minor is engaged in youth rapier activities. If a parent/legal guardian wishes to assign someone to act as the responsible party in their stead, the parent/guardian must execute a Medical Authorization for Minors (as provided by the SCA, Inc.) and provide the following information to the Youth Rapier Marshal in writing: Parent/Guardian name, child’s name, and responsible party’s name. The Youth Rapier Marshal may NOT be assigned as the responsible party.
a. Though the gloved hand may be used to parry, it shall not be used to push, grasp or strike an opponent. Grasping, or sliding a hand along, the blade will result in the loss of the hand.i. There should be at least one warranted Youth Rapier Marshal for every bout. Where list space is restricted, additional marshals should be present to observe the boundaries of the list. d. A fencer is considered armed so long as one weapon is retained. If disarmed (not holding any weapon) a combatant may, at the discretion of his or her opponent, recover a weapon. If permission is refused the fencer must yield. When a fencer is disarmed, the marshal on the field shall call a hold until one of the above actions is settled upon. 2. Youth Marshal-at-Large – A Youth Marshal-at-Large performs general marshallate duties, including the authorization of fencers, and the marshaling of youth fencing activities at SCA events and official practices, as well as bringing any candidates for the marshallate to the attention of the Kingdom Youth Rapier Marshal. A Youth Marshal-at-Large is directly responsible to the Kingdom Youth Rapier Marshal. Youth Marshals-at-Large report to the Kingdom Youth Rapier Marshal on a quarterly basis.1. All combatants shall obey the commands of the marshals overseeing the field, or be removed from the field and subject to subsequent disciplinary action.
5. A fencer positioned behind an opponent may, without obtaining engagement, bind or foul the opponent’s weapons using his or her own weapons. Care should be taken to avoid body-to-body contact in this circumstance.6. If combatants are fighting in a line and they engage another line then all members of the line are considered to be engaged with all the opponents on the opposite line.i. Only the Earl Marshal, Kingdom Marshal of Fence, or the Kingdom Youth Rapier Marshal, acting upon their discretion, may remove a marshal’s warrant. Causes for removal of a warrant include, without limitation, actions detrimental to the goals, ideals, and responsibilities of the SCA, Inc., the Kingdom of the East, and/or the marshallate.
b. The marshal’s discretion regarding the safety of the parrying device is the deciding factor as to whether or not it will be permitted into the list. Devices that entrap opponents (such that the opponent is blinded, bound or immobilized) or their equipment (such that the equipment cannot be withdrawn from the device), either by design or by repeated mishap, are not allowed.4. Parents/legal guardians are required to read and understand the Rules of the Lists for the Society for Creative Anachronism, Inc. (the “Society” or “SCA”), the SCA Corporate Rules for Rapier Combat (the “Society Rules”) and these Youth Rapier Rules before executing any waiver concerning the participation of a minor in rapier activities.
g. A Youth Rapier Marshal shall encourage & instruct (but not direct) youth in the use of honorable and chivalrous behavior on and off of the youth fighter list area.5. Authorizations are conducted by two warranted rapier marshals, one of which must be a youth marshal, who are themselves authorized in the weapons form that is the subject of the authorization. An experienced, authorized youth fencer may be employed to bout with the candidate to demonstrate proper blow calling while in a combat situation. Use of the experienced, authorized youth fencer is at the discretion of the authorizing youth marshals. The required format for authorizations is set out in section V.D. of the Youth Rapier Rules. Each authorization must be renewed every 2 years. Formal authorization procedures may be waived at the discretion of the authorizing marshals if the subject fencer has been actively fencing within the prior six months.c. An attack must be acknowledged as valid if it is felt. There is no such thing as a “light” blow. Therefore, Eastern calibration shall tend toward the lightest touch that may reasonably be expected to be felt through armor constructed to the requirements set forth herein.f) Removal of Authorizations and Further Sanction – The Earl Marshal, Kingdom Marshal of Fence, or the Kingdom Youth Rapier Marshal may, upon their discretion, remove a fencer’s authorization. A written statement of removal and the reasons for the removal must be provided to the fencer and his or her parent or guardian. In addition, the Earl Marshal, Kingdom Marshal of Fence, or Kingdom Youth Rapier Marshal may recommend to the Crown that further sanction be imposed upon the fencer and his or her parent or guardian, up to and including banishment. All armor subject to testing as described above must be tested at least once every two years. Compliance is the responsibility of the fencer, and that fencer’s parent or legal guardian. A marshal may, at any time, direct that any armor be tested if there is concern that the gear may have lost protective ability. 2. Combatants may strike any opponent with whom they have engagement if they are within the 180° arc of the opponent’s front, as measured from the plane of the opponent’s shoulders. A combatant who approaches an opponent from behind shall not deliver a blow until he or she is within this arc. A combatant may never strike an opponent from behind except as provided herein. Engagement is broken when a fencer turns his or her back and steps out of range. While in range, the fencer may still be struck, even with his or her back turned. Once combatants are out of range of each other, engagement must be renewed. For purposes of this rule, “range” is defined as the distance a fencer can attack with a single action of footwork (i.e. a single lunge, advance, or cross-step).a. Equipment Inspection – Before fencing at any event, each fencer must have his or her armor and weapons inspected by a marshal to ensure compliance with the Youth Rapier Rules. All weapons or items a fighter intends to use must be inspected. In addition, the fencer’s armor must be inspected while all parts are being worn on his or her body.
e. First and foremost, candidates for the youth marshallate must have a thorough understanding of the Youth Rapier Rules. Once the KYRM is satisfied that the candidate has such understanding, the candidate will participate in a training program which will include:2. Rapier and Rigid Parrying Device – The candidate must be able to demonstrate safely and competently all elements listed under Single Rapier, above, as well as the following:7. Conduct obstructive of rapier combat, such as consistently ignoring or incorrectly recognizing blows, or other deliberate misuse of the rules (such as calling “hold” whenever pressed), or the like, is forbidden. e) Suspension – The Kingdom Youth Rapier Marshal may immediately hand out a thirty-day suspension, during which time the suspended fencer may not participate in fencing activities at any SCA event or official practice. This is only done in severe cases, such as where a combatant’s conduct poses a safety risk to himself or others, or where a combatant refuses to follow the instructions of the marshals on the field. Suspension will always be followed by an investigation by the marshallate. 8. The use of any uncontrolled attack (i.e. an attack that cannot be quickly stopped if “hold” is called or if an unsafe circumstance develops) is prohibited. c. Rapier and Rigid Parrying Device – The form shall consist of one light rapier and one rigid parrying device, such as buckler, mug, etc. Daggers are excluded from this form. 4. Youth Marshal-in-Training – A youth marshal in training (MiT) is a fencer participating in a marshal training and authorization program under the supervision of the Kingdom Youth Rapier Marshal and/or a deputy thereof. As part of such a program, MiTs may perform the various functions of the marshallate, but only under the direct supervision of a warranted marshal. MiTs are not legal representatives of the SCA, Inc., and have no authority over fencers beyond that exercised as part of the MiT training program.3. Disagreements with the marshals overseeing the field shall be resolved through the established mechanisms of the Youth rapier marshallate, as described herein.