Glenn was born to Ellis and Carroll Wayne Youngkin in Richmond, Virginia. His father worked in finance and also played basketball for this University. Glenn graduated from Norfolk Academy of Virginia in 1985. Sports and mainly basketball played an integral part in Youngkin’s life. He even received several medals and awards for the same during his high school. Through his passion for the sport, he got a scholarship to study the Rice University, where he studied Arts and mechanical engineering. Later, he did his master’s of business administration from Harward Business School. He started working after his graduation in a firm called First Boston, where he handled mergers and acquisitions and capital market financing.With a total net worth of $440 million approximately, Youngkin enjoys a comfortable lifestyle. Glenn is a Christian and served on Vestry for the holy trinity church in Virginia.Shortly after leaving the work at the Carlyle Group’s private firm, he announced his candidacy for the Virginia Gubernatorial elections in the year 2021.He won this election on 10th May 2021 after defeating six candidates. While during the primary, he pledged to “stand up against all of the legislation that the Democrats have passed.” Also, during the elections, he sold all kinds of conspiracy theories about the stolen election claim. After he won, he strongly made a point that Joe Biden was the legitimate President of the US. It was speculated that all of his campaigns were based solely on the topic of education. The protection for transgender students in Virginia was condemned by the Youngkin campaign. I am a blogger who writes on various topics. I love reading and writing news. I am a passionate and driven individual who is always looking to learn something new. I am always up for a challenge and love to work hard to achieve my goals. All logos are the trademark & property of their owners and not Sports Reference LLC. We present them here for purely educational purposes. Our reasoning for presenting offensive logos. Youngkin won the 2021 Republican primary for Governor of Virginia and defeated former Democratic governor Terry McAuliffe in the general election. Inaugurated during the global COVID-19 pandemic, Youngkin supported vaccination efforts against the disease but opposed mandates for the vaccine and banned mask mandates in Virginia public schools; this ban was partially rescinded following legal challenges. During his first year in office, Youngkin signed a bipartisan state budget that paired increased education spending with expansive tax cuts.Five of Youngkin’s cabinet nominees are women and three are African American. Many of his nominees were brought in from other states, and only a few of his nominees had any prior government experience. The Washington Post wrote of these nominees, “Their newcomer status is on brand for Youngkin, who ran touting his lack of political experience as an asset. But it also presents the new administration with a steep learning curve.” The Washington Post noted that Youngkin’s first executive orders had gone “far beyond the practice of his predecessors in the Executive Mansion over the past 20 years”, writing that while each of those predecessors had focused their first executive actions on “less incendiary topics”, such as anti-discrimination protections and policy studies, Youngkin’s first executive actions, “by contrast…poked a stick directly into a host of polarizing issues”. Former Lieutenant Governor of Virginia Bill Bolling, a Republican, condemned Youngkin’s repeal of public school mask mandates, saying that it introduced “unnecessary controversy, confusion and litigation” and calling it “in direct conflict with an existing state law.” The legality of Youngkin using an executive order to ban the teaching of critical race theory has also been called into question. VPM News reported that Youngkin’s critics view the order as “unenforceable”. The Washington Post noted that no governor had “banned critical race theory via executive order” before Youngkin and predicted that any such order would face court challenges, writing that it was “not clear” whether Youngkin would be exceeding his legal authority by issuing such an order. The other executive actions taken by Youngkin on his first day in office were devoted to firing and replacing the entire Virginia Parole Board, calling for the state’s Attorney General to investigate the handling of sexual assaults that had recently occurred in the Loudoun County public school system, initiating reviews of the Virginia Parole Board, the Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles, and the Virginia Employment Commission, creating commissions to combat antisemitism and human trafficking, ordering state agencies under Youngkin’s authority to reduce nonmandatory regulations by 25%, and calling for the state to reevaluate its membership in the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative.In early April 2022, Youngkin signed a bill allowing school parents throughout Virginia to review and opt their children out of any educational material containing “sexually explicit content”; any opted out student would be provided with alternative material. At the start of Youngkin’s governorship, there were no statewide laws in the nation allowing for parental review of sexually explicit content in school curriculum. Shortly before Youngkin signed the bill, a similar bill was signed by Florida Governor Ron DeSantis. Virginia Democrats have criticized the bill signed by Youngkin for taking control over education away from local school systems and have argued that its definition of “sexually explicit content” is “overly broad”. The bill passed along mostly party lines. A similar bill, known as the “Beloved Bill”, was vetoed by McAuliffe in both 2016 and 2017. That bill, which had originated when a conservative activist took issue with the inclusion of Beloved in her high school senior son’s AP English class, became one of the focal points of Virginia’s 2021 gubernatorial election, and reviving the bill was identified by The Washington Post as “one of the key promises” of Youngkin’s campaign. The provisions of the bill will take effect in 2023. Youngkin has also proposed raising the legal age for purchasing CBD products in Virginia to 21 and banning products that contain Delta-8 THC, which is described by The Washington Post as “a hemp-derived compound that has become popular for its similarity to Delta-9, the main compound in marijuana that gives consumers a high. A week after the tipline debuted, CNN reported that the initiative had drawn national attention. Colin Jost derided the tipline on Saturday Night Live during Weekend Update, and John Legend encouraged opponents of the initiative to co-opt the tipline, tweeting, “Black parents need to flood these tip lines with complaints about our history being silenced. We are parents too.” Several media outlets reported that critics of Youngkin were spamming the tipline. Describing it as a “snitch line”, political scientist Larry Sabato predicted that the tipline would “backfire” on Youngkin. Near the end of January, WSET reported that the tipline had been criticized by “Virginia teachers and the Virginia Education Association…for targeting teachers who are already struggling amid staffing sho
rtages and other challenges related to the COVID-19 pandemic”, while The Lead with Jake Tapper reported that the tipline could cause retention problems among Virginia educators. After multiple rounds of ranked-choice voting at 39 locations across the state, Youngkin won the Republican nomination at the party’s state convention on May 10, 2021. He defeated six other candidates. All the Republican candidates, including Youngkin, stressed their support for Donald Trump and Trumpism; however, other candidates for the nomination–such as state senator Amanda Chase–were more vocally pro-Trump than Youngkin was. After winning the nomination, Youngkin was endorsed by Trump. He called the endorsement an “honor”, but sought to distance himself from some of Trump’s most ardent supporters. The New York Times wrote in October that Youngkin had sought to localize the race. Youngkin openly courted both Trump supporters and never-Trump voters. An amendment that Youngkin introduced to the 2022 state budget limited the number of inmates who could qualify for an expanded early release program that was scheduled to begin later that summer. The program allows inmates in Virginia to earn time off their sentences through good behavior credits. It had been expanded through legislation signed in 2020 by Youngkin’s predecessor, Ralph Northam, so that Virginia’s cap on how many good behavior credits could be earned was raised for most inmates. As this expansion of the program was originally designed, the newly available credits could not be used to reduce sentences for violent crimes but could be used by inmates convicted of violent crimes to reduce any concurrent or consecutive sentences that had been imposed for nonviolent crimes. Youngkin and other Republicans characterized this aspect of the program as an unintentional loophole that needed correcting. Democrats largely disagreed with that characterization, arguing that the expanded program had been intentionally designed to give violent offenders the ability to reduce sentences unrelated to violent offenses. Youngkin’s amendment was adopted by the General Assembly along mostly party lines. It made inmates convicted of violent crimes fully ineligible for the expanded program, meaning that these inmates could not use the newly available credits to reduce any sentences.In April 2008, Carlyle’s founders asked Youngkin to step back from deal-making to focus on the firm’s broader strategy. In 2009, the founders created a seven-person operating committee, chaired by Youngkin, which oversaw the non-deal, day-to-day operations of Carlyle. Also in 2009, Youngkin and Daniel Akerson joined the firm’s executive committee, which had previously consisted solely of the three founders.
Glenn Allen Youngkin (born December 9, 1966) is an American businessman and politician currently serving as the 74th governor of Virginia since 2022. A member of the Republican Party, he spent 25 years at the private-equity firm the Carlyle Group, where he became co–CEO in 2018. He resigned from that position in 2020 to run for governor.
Bloomberg News described the co-CEO relationship as “awkward … and increasingly acrimonious”. The publication later wrote that Lee “quickly established dominance, diminishing Youngkin’s clout”. This situation was largely due to Lee being given control of the firm’s corporate private equity and global credit units–which were bigger and more profitable than the firm’s other units–at the onset. In July 2020, Youngkin announced that he would retire from the Carlyle Group at the end of September 2020, after serving as co-CEO for about 30 months. Youngkin stated that he intended to focus on community and public service efforts. In 2020, Youngkin and his wife founded a nonprofit, Virginia Ready Initiative, focusing on connecting unemployed people in the state with job-training programs and potential employers.The state budget that Youngkin signed for 2022 includes $100 million for re-establishing lab schools in Virginia. These K-12 public schools, which are separate from charter schools, had previously existed in the state and had continued to be allowed under Virginia law before Youngkin came into office, but none remained operating in the state by the start of Youngkin’s term. Previous lab schools in Virginia had been established as partnerships with institutions of higher learning; only public colleges and universities with teacher training programs were allowed to enter into these partnerships. An amendment that Youngkin introduced to the 2022 state budget removed the requirement that all lab schools in the state act as teacher training programs. It also opened lab school partnerships to be formed with community colleges or certain private universities. Lieutenant Governor Winsome Sears had to break a tie vote in the State Senate for this budget amendment to be approved by the General Assembly. Youngkin has additionally advocated for allowing private businesses to enter into lab school partnerships. He has said that lab schools could be either newly established or converted out of existing schools and has supported legislation that would direct the Virginia State Board of Education to “give substantial preference” to lab school applications filed by historically black colleges or universities. Under that legislation, the same preference would be given to applications seeking to establish lab schools in “underserved communities”. The Washington Post noted that more than two months after winning the Republican nomination, Youngkin had “yet to disclose any formal economic plan.” One of Youngkin’s main proposals at that stage of the race was an elimination of Virginia’s individual income tax. According to NPR, this proposal received “criticism from both Democrats and Republicans that doing so would wipe out around 70% of Virginia’s General Fund.” Before the end of his campaign, Youngkin retracted his proposal to eliminate the tax, calling it “aspirational” and saying, “In Virginia, we can’t get rid of income tax, but we sure can try to bring it down.” Youngkin supports the COVID-19 vaccination effort but opposes mask and vaccine mandates. He and his family are vaccinated. In his first address to the General Assembly, he emphasized his position on the state’s vaccination efforts by stating, “Speaking to you as your governor, I’ll never tell you what you must do. But speaking to you as your neighbor and a friend, I strongly encourage you to get the vaccine.”During the 2022 legislative session, Youngkin advocated for a bill that would have reversed reforms that had been recently adopted to the admissions processes at some Governor’s Schools in Virginia, specifically at Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology in Alexandria and at Maggie L. Walker Governor’s School for Government and International Studies in Richmond. The reforms that Youngkin wanted to reverse had been adopted to increase racial diversity among the student bodies at those two schools, where Black and Hispanic students had been consistently underrepresented. Although race blind, the reformed admissions processes achieved their goal by implementing an approach largely based on geographic and socioeconomic factors. The bill supported by Youngkin would have banned such an approach, characterizing the use of geographic and socioeconomic factors as “proxy discrimination”. This bill passed in the Republican-controlled House of Delegates but failed in the Democratic-controlled State Senate. A separate bill signed by Youngkin that same year bans Governor’s Schools in Virginia “from discriminating against any individual or group on the basis of race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin in the process of admitting students to such school.” This bill, which received bipartisan support, was described by The Richmond Times-Dispatch as “a watered-down version” of Youngkin’s preferred bill. According to WRIC-TV, a Virginia ABC News affiliate, it has been argued that the bill signed by Youngkin “has no legal impact because it largely reiterates existing federal law.”After winning the election, Youngkin said that he would use an executive action to withdraw Virginia from the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative, a regional carbon cap-and-trade market. Youngkin has called the initiative a “carbon tax” and has stated that leaving the initiative would save ratepayers an average of about $50 a year. Democrats have countered that leaving the initiative would cut off a source of revenue for the state that raises hundreds of millions of dollars a year; this revenue is used for flood control and to provide low income ratepayers with energy assistance. On his first day in office, Youngkin signed an executive order calling for a reevaluation of Virginia’s membership in the initiative. The Washington Post noted that because Virginia entered the initiative through legislative action, Youngkin may lack the legal authority to withdraw from the initiative without legislative approval. The publication theorized that this legal limitation may have been why Youngkin ultimately ordered a reevaluation of the initiative rather than a withdrawal. In August 2022, the Youngkin administration announced that, despite the likely legal challenges, it would attempt to withdraw Virginia from the initiative by the end of 2023 without seeking legislative approval to do so. Around that same time, Youngkin announced his desire to block a law set to take effect in 2024, which would require that Virginia follow California’s vehicle emissions standards.
The Youngkin administration framed its replacement of the Northam administration’s policies as part of a “commitment to preserving parental rights and upholding the dignity and respect of all public school students.” The Washington Post noted that Youngkin’s actions fit into a national trend among Republicans, writing that “at least 300 pieces of legislation” curtailing the rights of transgender Americans had been introduced throughout the country in 2022, mostly focusing on children. Despite the legal requirement that they do so, most Virginia school districts had failed to adopt the Northam administration’s model policies by the time that the Youngkin administration’s replacement policies were announced. Other school districts have refused to adopt the Youngkin administration’s model policies, expressing the view that these policies are in violation of state law.
n mid-February, after Youngkin signed a bill requiring that they do so by March 1. The ACLU expanded the scope of its lawsuit against the Youngkin administration to include this new law, and on March 23, 2022, a federal judge decided the lawsuit by ruling that school districts in Virginia could choose to require masking in areas frequented by the plaintiffs. The ruling did not overturn Youngkin’s executive order or the state law and only applies to school systems attended by the plaintiffs. Following an appeal by the Youngkin administration, a settlement was reached in December 2022. The settlement allows mask mandates under similar terms to those established by the March court ruling.Richard Cullen, Youngkin’s counselor, has said that he personally determined both Layne and Moran’s roles in the administration to be in compliance with state ethics rules.On November 2, 2021, Youngkin defeated McAuliffe, 50.58%–48.64%. Before the 2021 elections, Republicans had not prevailed in a statewide race in Virginia since 2009. Youngkin’s victory was attributed to a Youngkin coalition of voters including suburban residents who had supported Joe Biden in 2020 and Trump supporters.Youngkin finished announcing his cabinet nominees on January 19, 2022, with his choice for Chief Diversity Officer. This position was established by Youngkin’s immediate predecessor, Ralph Northam, in response to a scandal involving racist imagery appearing on Northam’s medical school yearbook page – a scandal that nearly caused Northam to resign from office. The idea for a Chief Diversity Officer was born out of a commitment made by Northam to focus the remainder of his term on advancing racial equity in Virginia. Youngkin did not announce a nomination for Chief Diversity Officer until after his inauguration, which led to media speculation that he would be eliminating the position. Youngkin’s nominee for Chief Diversity Officer, Angela Sailor, was an executive at the Heritage Foundation and held multiple roles in George W. Bush’s presidential administration. In August 2022, Youngkin enlisted the Thomas B. Fordham Institute, a conservative think tank, to assist in revising Virginia’s educational standards for history and social sciences. In November of that year, the Virginia Department of Education released a proposal for those revisions, which the department stated would make the state’s educational standards easier “to understand and implement”. The proposal was not adopted by the Virginia Board of Education, after it received what The Washington Post described as “overwhelming pushback from parents, teachers and community members who characterized the new standards as lacking context, being politically motivated and even being ‘whitewashed.'” That publication wrote that the proposal “places less emphasis on the perspectives of marginalized peoples, removes suggested discussions of racism and its lingering effects, and promotes the workings of the free market, with limited government intervention”. During Virginia’s 2022 legislative session, a bill concerning elections for the Loudoun County School Board was amended by Youngkin in an effort that, if successful, would have caused elections to be held a year in advance for seven of the board’s nine members. A spokesperson for Youngkin described the amendment as an attempt at “holding [the board] to account” for their handling of two sexual assaults that had occurred in that county’s school system a year earlier. Opposing the Loudoun County School Board over a variety of issues had been a major focus of Youngkin’s gubernatorial campaign. In response to Youngkin’s proposed amendment, Democrats, several political scientists, and the county school board itself charged that Youngkin was attempting to subvert the election results that had placed the board members in office. The Washington Post reported that Youngkin’s effort had “stunned many state political observers as an intrusion into local election integrity without modern precedent in Virginia.” The publication further wrote at the time that the amendment was one of the “more controversial actions” that Youngkin had taken and led to “one of the harshest partisan eruptions” in the Virginia state legislature since the start of Youngkin’s term. Legal scholar A.E. Dick Howard argued that the amendment was likely in violation of Virginia’s Constitution, which Howard had helped to write in the 1970s. The proposed amendment passed in the Republican-controlled House of Delegates but was defeated in the Democratic-controlled State Senate.In May 2022, Youngkin announced that on July 5 of that year, he would be scaling back the telework policy for Virginia’s executive branch employees, which had been expanded two years earlier by Northam in response to the pandemic. Under Youngkin’s policy, those employees can telework one day a week or on a temporary basis with approval from the head of their agency, two days a week with approval from a cabinet secretary, and three or more days a week with approval from Youngkin’s chief of staff. As noted by The Richmond-Times Dispatch, “employees of state colleges and universities, legislative or judicial agencies, or independent commissions and authorities” are all exempt from the policy.
Youngkin supports revising how Virginia public schools are funded, so that per pupil funding for any students attending lab schools in the state would go to the institutions operating the schools attended by those students instead of going to the public school boards for the districts where those students reside. An amendment proposed by Youngkin for the 2022 state budget would have enacted this plan but was not adopted by the General Assembly. Although the Virginia Education Association and the editorial board of The Free Lance–Star have both supported Youngkin’s goal of re-establishing lab schools in Virginia, they have also both criticized Youngkin’s plan for redirecting per pupil funding away from local school boards, noting that because Virginia law allows lab schools to enroll students from anywhere in the state, the plan could lead to decreased funding for certain school districts.
on their announcement, the Associated Press called these proposals “the most wide-ranging and detailed look at the priorities of a potential Youngkin administration”. Had these proposals gone on to be enacted in full, they would have amounted to $1.8 billion in one-time tax cuts and $1.4 billion in recurring tax cuts. During the campaign, Youngkin proposed paying for much of his proposed tax cuts with the state’s budget surplus, which at the time, was projected to total $2.6 billion. Although The Washington Post and NPR both noted that much of that revenue would be unavailable for tax cuts, since state law required that over half of the amount be devoted to the state’s “rainy day” reserve fund, water quality improvement fund, and transportation fund, Virginia’s budget surplus continued to grow, and by the end of Northam’s term, was projected to total at least $13.4 billion for the state’s then-upcoming budget cycle. Leading up to the vote on Wheeler’s nomination to serve as Secretary of Natural Resources, Republicans in the Virginia House of Delegates retaliated against Democrats for opposing the nomination, by both blocking the reappointment of a judge to the State Corporation Commission and leaving two Virginia Supreme Court vacancies open. After Wheeler’s nomination was defeated in the State Senate, House Republicans, with Youngkin’s support, announced plans to reject about 1,000 appointees to state boards; the appointees had all been nominated by Northam, and it was a long-standing custom in Virginia politics for an outgoing governor’s nominees to be confirmed with bipartisan support. Many of the nominees had already been serving in their positions for several months. After Democrats responded by threatening to reject all future appointments made by Youngkin, Republicans scaled back their plan and rejected only eleven of Northam’s nominees. The rejected nominees had been appointed to the Virginia State Board of Education, the State Air Pollution Control Board, the State Water Control Board, the Virginia Safety and Health Codes Board, and the Virginia Marine Resources Commission. According to Republican leadership in the Virginia House of Delegates, vacancies were created on these specific boards so that Youngkin would have greater influence over boards related to his main policy priorities. Democrats retaliated in turn by rejecting four of Youngkin’s five nominees to the Virginia Parole Board and one of his nominees to the Virginia Safety and Health Codes Board.School construction and maintenance received $1.25 billion in the 2022 biennial state budget. This exceeds the amount that had been allotted for these needs in Northam’s outgoing budget proposals but is a small fraction of the $25 billion that the Virginia Department of Education says it would take to fully replace the state’s oldest schools. As governor, Youngkin has touted his work restoring voting rights to former felons, an effort that began under Governor Bob McDonnell and then intensified under McDonnell’s immediate successors, McAuliffe and Northam. Virginia is one of only eleven states that does not automatically allow former felons to vote by the end of their sentences. An amendment to the state constitution that would have established automatic voting rights restoration for released felons in Virginia passed the legislature during Northam’s final year in office, but amendments to the state constitution must be passed during two consecutive legislative sessions separated by an election before they can be voted on by the public in a referendum, and Republicans in the House of Delegates voted against the amendment during Youngkin’s first year in office. In 2023, it was reported that Youngkin and his Secretary of the Commonwealth had quietly reversed course from their predecessors, reinstating procedural hurdles to the rights restoration process and dramatically decreasing the number of ex-felons granted the franchise. The administration responded that reviewing applications on a case-by-case basis was in-line with the state constitution but did not specify the criteria being considered.
Youngkin and his wife attended St. John’s Episcopal Church in McLean, but departed due to their disagreement with the denomination’s support for same-sex marriage. In 2010, the couple helped found Holy Trinity Church, which met initially in their basement in McLean, Virginia. Holy Trinity describes itself as a “non-denominational church with Anglican roots and a contemporary charismatic expression.” The Youngkins set up a private foundation which owns the property where the church stands and a farm in Middleburg, Virginia, that serves as a Christian retreat.
A few months after his inauguration, Youngkin proposed that Virginia recriminalize possessing more than two ounces of marijuana. When the Northam administration, a year earlier, had legalized possessing up to an ounce of marijuana in Virginia, it did so while establishing a system in which possessing between one ounce and one pound was made punishable by a $25 fine; possessing over one pound remained a felony. This system made Virginia the only US state to have legalized marijuana possession without having misdemeanor penalties for possessing over the legal amount. Youngkin’s proposal to introduce such penalties in Virginia was inspired by a recommendation made in 2021 by the state legislature’s nonpartisan Joint Legislative Audit and Review Commission. Another bill signed by Youngkin in 2022 bans law enforcement agencies in Virginia from using quotas for ticket-writing or arrests. This bill, which was proposed by the Virginia Police Benevolent Association, also states that “the number of arrests made or summonses issued by a law-enforcement officer shall not be used as the sole criterion for evaluating the law-enforcement officer’s job performance.” Both parties in the state legislature supported the bill. Although as originally written, the bill provided for violations of its bans to be investigated by the FBI, this provision was removed from the final bill. Youngkin’s initial nominee for Secretary of Natural Resources, Andrew Wheeler, was voted down on a party-line vote in the Democratic-controlled State Senate. Wheeler had served as Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency in the Trump Administration, and before that, worked as a coal lobbyist. His tenure at the EPA was marked by reversals of environmental regulations that had been implemented by the Obama administration, and his nomination to serve in Youngkin’s cabinet was heavily criticized by environmental advocates. A letter signed by 150 former EPA employees was sent to the Virginia legislature expressing opposition to Wheeler’s nomination.During the 2022 United States elections, Youngkin campaigned frequently for Republicans in other states, supporting both candidates who had embraced Trump’s false claims about the 2020 election and those who had not. This led to The Washington Post writing that Youngkin had “demonstrated uncommon flexibility on an issue that for others…represents a bright line.” Youngkin’s refusal to distance himself from conspiracy theorists within his own party has elicited criticism from some Republicans, such as Liz Cheney.While running for governor, Youngkin voiced support for expanding charter schools in the state and set a goal of adding at least twenty during his term. After the election, The Richmond-Times Dispatch reported that Youngkin’s actual goal for charter schools would be to increase the number in Virginia “to match North Carolina, which has more than 200.” Only seven charter schools currently exist in Virginia, one of the lowest amounts in the country, and Youngkin has backed proposed legislation that would shift the authority to approve new charter schools from local school boards to newly created “regional charter school divisions”. These divisions would have nine voting members, eight appointed by the Virginia State Board of Education, and one appointed by local school boards within the region.
Aubrey Layne, who served as Secretary of Finance in the Northam administration, has served as an unpaid advisor to his successor in the Youngkin administration, Stephen E. Cummings, and has done so while serving as an executive at Sentara Healthcare.The Washington Post wrote that Youngkin’s inaugural address “delivered the blend of religious confidence and boardroom bravado that powered his victory”, while The Associated Press characterized the address as one that carried “a tone of bipartisanship and optimism”. The former publication noted that Youngkin used the address to criticize modern politics as “too toxic”, but also wrote that, immediately after the address, Youngkin “stirred partisan rancor” by signing a series of polarizing executive actions. It further noted that Youngkin’s praise for the COVID-19 vaccine “fell flat with the largely mask-free crowd”. Multiple publications reported that Youngkin’s biggest applause was for a line about “removing politics from the classroom”.In 2022, Youngkin signed a two-year, $165 billion state budget featuring $4 billion in tax cuts. According to The Washington Post, the “centerpiece” of this budget was “a big increase in the standard deduction for personal income tax.” Rather than doubling the standard deduction, as Youngkin had proposed, the budget increased it by about 80%, raising it from $4,500 to $8,000 for individuals and from $9,000 to $16,000 for couples filing jointly. The budget included one-time tax rebates and a partial elimination of Virginia’s grocery tax, both of which aligned with Northam’s own outgoing budget proposals rather than with Youngkin’s preferred tax policies. As Northam had proposed, the one-time tax rebates amounted to $250 for individuals and $500 for couples, slightly less than Youngkin’s desired $300 for individuals and $600 for couples, and although the final budget enacted Northam and Youngkin’s shared goal of eliminating a 1.5% grocery tax that had been levied by the state, Democrats blocked Youngkin’s additional proposal to eliminate a separate 1% grocery tax levied by Virginia localities. Fully included in the budget was Youngkin’s proposal to enact a tax exemption of up to $40,000 a year for military pensions. According to The Washington Post, the exemption will be “phased in over several years.” Another proposal of Northam’s included in the budget was making up to 15% of the earned income tax credit refundable. This policy, designed to benefit low-income tax filers, was described by The Richmond-Times Dispatch as “a longtime Democratic priority” and had been opposed by Republicans. It was included in the budget as a compromise between the two parties.As noted by The Washington Post, cabinet nominees almost always receive bipartisan support in Virginia state politics; although prior Virginia governor Bob McDonnell withdrew one of his cabinet nominees in response to Democratic opposition, only one cabinet nominee before Wheeler had ever been formally voted down by the Virginia state legislature – Daniel G. LeBlanc, an AFL–CIO chief whose nomination by Tim Kaine to serve as Secretary of the Commonwealth was rejected by Republicans in 2006. Wheeler served as acting Secretary of Natural Resources until mid-March 2022, when Youngkin appointed him as a senior advisor, a role that does not require confirmation by the legislature. In June of that year, Youngkin appointed Wheeler to direct the Office of Regulatory Management, an office newly established by Youngkin through executive order for the purpose of reducing state regulatory requirements. Just as Wheeler had done with his advisory role, he was able to assume his role at the Office of Regulatory Management without legislative approval.
party lines. Democrats argued that the plan proposed by Youngkin would have deprived the state of revenue for transportation projects while offering insufficient relief to consumers. According to WVTF, a Virginia NPR affiliate, it was estimated that about one-third of the savings from Youngkin’s gas tax holiday proposal would have been kept by the oil industry, while about one-quarter of the savings would have gone to out-of-state drivers. Youngkin acknowledged that his proposal may not have resulted in significant savings for Virginians, saying, “We can’t guarantee anything”. He opposed a Democratic counter proposal to send direct payments to Virginia car owners. Both WTOP and WRIC estimated that Youngkin’s proposal for suspending the gas tax would have decreased funding for Virginia transportation projects by about $400 million.
Although the expanded early release program was approved by Northam in 2020, it did not take effect until July 1, 2022. Because the newly available credits were made applicable retroactively for anyone who would have earned them earlier in their sentences, about 550 inmates convicted of violent crimes were set to be released once the law took effect in July 2022. Youngkin’s amendment was approved a few weeks before these inmates would have been released. As a result, these inmates were not released at that time, even though they had already been told of their planned release.Youngkin made a campaign appearance with Mike Pence in August. Former Trump advisor Steve Bannon spoke in support of Youngkin at an October rally which also featured a video appearance from Trump. Youngkin did not personally attend the October rally, although he thanked the host for holding it. He later called it “weird and wrong” when that rally opened with attendees pledging allegiance to a flag that had flown, in the words of the event emcee, “at the peaceful rally with Donald J. Trump on Jan. 6”.
The Virginia Preschool Initiative was expanded by the 2022 biennial state budget. This program provides preschool for many low-income children in the state. Prior to 2022, the program only served children aged four or older, and only families earning less than the federal poverty line could qualify. The 2022 state budget that Youngkin signed lowered the age eligibility to include three year olds and raised the income threshold to 300% of the federal poverty line.Youngkin was inaugurated two years into the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. His first week in office coincided with the January 14–17, 2022 North American winter storm. The Richmond Times-Dispatch reported that the morning before his inauguration, Youngkin participated in a community service project at “the Reconciliation Statue along the Richmond Slave Trail in Shockoe Bottom, which was home to the second largest domestic slave market in the United States before the Civil War.” Later that night, an inauguration eve party was held for Youngkin at the Omni Richmond Hotel. Another inauguration eve event for Youngkin was later held at the Science Museum of Virginia. On the night of his inauguration, Youngkin held a celebratory event at the Richmond Main Street Station.
As governor, Youngkin has focused heavily on culture war issues pertaining to race and gender identity in public education. On his first day in office, he issued an executive order that ended various racial equity programs in Virginia public schools, and banned discussion within the state’s school system of concepts such as critical race theory (CRT) that his administration deemed divisive. Later in his term, Youngkin signed one of the first statewide laws in the nation allowing parents to opt their children out of educational material that is deemed sexually explicit.On February 3, 2022, Youngkin explained that his administration was “responding” to complaints submitted to the tipline but did not say whether there would be ramifications for teachers mentioned in those complaints. That month, it was reported that multiple inquiries by The Virginian-Pilot about how complaints sent to the tipline would be used by the Youngkin administration had gone unanswered and that FOIA requests to see emails sent to the tipline had been denied by the Youngkin administration, citing the “working papers and correspondenc
e” exemption in Virginia’s FOIA law. In April, a group of over a dozen media outlets sued the Youngkin administration for access to the emails. The lawsuit argued that the “working papers and correspondence” exemption did not apply in this instance, because access to the emails had not been restricted solely to Youngkin’s office (Youngkin had allowed a conservative think tank to access the emails). In August, a nonprofit watchdog group, American Oversight, and a law firm, Ballard Spahr, joined in bringing a second lawsuit against the Youngkin administration, seeking access to the emails. In November, the first lawsuit concluded with a settlement that granted the media outlets access to 350 of the emails, representing a small portion of the total number. Shortly after the settlement was reached, the Youngkin administration revealed that it had closed down the tipline in September. The Washington Post reported that the administration had “quietly pulled the plug on the tipline…as tips dried up”. The second lawsuit is still ongoing.
As governor, Youngkin introduced a failed amendment to the state budget, that if adopted by the legislature, would have banned the state government from funding abortion services in cases of severe fetal abnormalities. Youngkin claimed that this would have made Virginia’s policy on the public funding of abortion services consistent with the federal Hyde Amendment, which allows it only in cases of rape, incest, or to protect the mother’s life. In actuality, as noted by the Richmond Public Interest Law Review, Virginia policy on the matter still would have been broader than the Hyde Amendment, as the state law also allows public funding of abortion services when needed to protect the pregnant mother’s health.
A majority of public school districts in Virginia refused to comply with the executive order and continued to enforce local mask mandates into February. On February 4, an Arlington County judge ruled to allow mask mandates to be temporarily retained in the seven school districts that had sued to stop Youngkin’s order while their case proceeded through the courts. Three days later, the Virginia Supreme Court dismissed the lawsuit brought by the group of parents from Chesapeake; the dismissal was for procedural reasons and did not rule on the legality of Youngkin’s executive order, nor did it overturn the ruling that had been issued that week in Arlington County. The same day that the Chesapeake lawsuit was dismissed, the Youngkin administration joined a lawsuit against the Loudoun County school system, brought by a group of parents in that county, who were challenging their school system’s decision to continue enforcing a mask mandate.The state budget signed by Youngkin in 2022 included a $150 million investment in the Virginia Housing Trust Fund, which is devoted to providing affordable housing in the state. This amounted to half the total Northam had proposed investing in the fund. According to WVTF, a Virginia NPR affiliate, the state would need to invest $5 billion annually to fully address its affordable housing needs. Youngkin has said that he opposes any further investments in affordable housing.
ils” than McAuliffe’s and that it largely focused on cultural issues over budgetary proposals. Youngkin began offering specific proposals for education spending late in the summer of 2021, only a few months before the election. These proposals included $100 million a year for raising teacher salaries, $200 million for improvements to school infrastructure, and over $1 billion for expanding school choice programs. While running for governor, Youngkin said that he would model his public school mask policy after that of Florida Governor Ron DeSantis by banning local school boards from implementing their own mask mandates. Youngkin reversed this position later in the campaign, saying through his PR team that although he opposed Virginia’s statewide public school mask mandate, he would give local school boards the discretion to implement their own mask policies. After winning the election, he re-emphasized his intention to repeal the statewide mandate while still allowing for local mandates. On his first day in office, January 15, 2022, he reversed his position again, signing an executive order that both repealed the statewide mandate and attempted to nullify any local mandates. This executive order was challenged by two lawsuits contending that it was in violation of state law at the time and exceeded Youngkin’s constitutional authority. It was also challenged by the ACLU in a lawsuit arguing that the order was discriminatory against medically vulnerable students. Youngkin called on Virginia parents to cooperate with school principals while the lawsuits proceeded. On February 16, 2022, Youngkin signed a bill that made masking optional in all public schools throughout Virginia. The bill passed along mostly party lines and took effect on March 1. The ACLU’s lawsuit against the Youngkin administration was decided on March 23, in a ruling that maintains Youngkin’s ban on school mask mandates except for in areas frequented by students that were represented in the lawsuit. The Youngkin administration appealed the ruling, and in December 2022, reached a settlement with the plaintiffs. As described by The Associated Press, that settlement “largely tracks the terms” of the court ruling from March. The settlement allows mask mandates to be implemented by Virginia public schools in areas frequented by the plaintiffs, but also allows alternative seating or class assignments for any student impacted by such a mandate who does not want to wear a mask; the settlement further states that schools should consider alternatives to peer masking. Although the settlement applies only to students represented in the lawsuit, the ACLU has expressed the view that the settlement established a precedent allowing the same accommodations upon request for any other medically vulnerable students attending Virginia public schools.