This is a list of federally recognized Native American Tribes in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. With its 38 federally recognized tribes, Oklahoma has the third largest numbers of tribes of any state, behind Alaska and California.Police say Indian Brotherhood members think nothing of kidnapping, raping or beating someone, especially women. A few weeks ago, they tried to cut off a girl’s finger in Tulsa.Quinton Shavers was beaten to death last November in a house on North Trenton. Police say George July and Angel Proctor did it; they’ve been charged and are waiting on trial.
Police say the people getting hurt are people involved in the methamphetamine world. They get so hooked on drugs they are willing to do anything to get their next fix.
July is an ex-con and he and Proctor have been charged with violent crimes before, but, those charges were dismissed because victims and witnesses refused to show up and testify. This is a problem police are seeing over and over when I.B.H. is involved.”I think you have to do something against their code to end up with your fingers cut off, or witnessing a murder or being murdered yourself,” Walker said.“They use them like property, they beat them, they rape them, they taze them, they get them strung out on dope,” said Sergeant Dave Walker with the Tulsa Police.\”They use them like property, they beat them, they rape them, they taze them, they get them strung out on dope,\” said Sergeant Dave Walker with the Tulsa Police.Police say just like when the Crips gang turns violent, it’s generally on other gang members, they say the Indian Brotherhood is generally committing violence against people in their drug world, not average, law abiding citizens.Police believe there’s an I.B.H. connection to the four people shot, execution style, inside a home on North New Haven last November. They say people who know something, are so wrapped up in the meth world and so afraid of retribution, they’re not talking, so those four murders remain unsolved.
Police say July and Proctor also kidnapped and terribly beat up two women and forced them to witness that murder. They say July is an Indian Brotherhood member and enforcer.
In any case, everyone in town knew of Byrd Tyner: Oklahoma high school wrestling meets were as big as some college matches. He was happy, playful and loved being the center of attention. He was a Marine, too, though not everyone knew he once stuck an M-16 in his mouth in Iraq and was going to blow his brains out, swear to God, even though he never actually bit down on the thing until another soldier walked in. Sanders was present for two more conversations about Barrientos, who had recently relocated to a single-story brick house at 1511 SW 56th St. in Oklahoma City. He had taken over the lease payments from childhood friend and fellow dealer Jose Fernando Fierro, 30. While Phillips’ girlfriend, Sanders, perceived Barrientos as generous, often giving his lieutenants money for gas, meals and rent, she said Tyner was adamant that he was being screwed out of money. In May 2012, after several years’ worth of hearings and testimony from Fierro, Sanders and Stanton, Tyner pleaded guilty to six counts of murder: four adults and two fetuses. If he had gone to trial, he would have faced the death penalty. The plea afforded him life in prison with no option to appeal.
Ermey was good friends with Milagros “Millie” Barrera, a 22-year-old Peruvian woman who enjoyed the nightlife. Barrera worked retail jobs — cellphones, apparel stores — and had gotten involved with a man who had gotten her pregnant. It didn’t keep her from going out and enjoying herself, though: With her pregnancy nearly 12 weeks along, she told a friend that she was going to meet someone who let people party at his house.In late October 2009, Tyner told Stanton he was quitting his job as a bodyguard for Barrientos to go back to school. She noticed he had gotten a new tattoo on his left forearm.The gas company employee who arrived at the scene told a police officer he believed the house belonged to Jose Fierro, a former worker for the company who was recently fired for failing a drug test. The initial suspicion was that Fierro was one of the four charred bodies found in the home.Before he was sentenced, Tyner was visited in jail by Justin Wren, a mixed martial artist turned prison minister who was addressing inmates about his own tumultuous past with drugs. An official took him to see Tyner, who, according to Wren, was surrounded by four to six guards and “looked like Hannibal Lecter without the mask.” Chains and buckles tethered him to his bed. A previous visit had not gone well, a guard said, and Tyner had threatened violence. Later, a former boyfriend of Barrera’s got a phone call: She was inebriated, he said, and was “uncomfortable” around the people she was with at Centerfolds. He first let the call go to voicemail. By the time he spoke with her and drove to the club, she was gone.
In the early-morning hours of Monday, Nov. 9, 2009, Barrientos and Fierro drove to Henry Hudson’s bar to meet Ermey and Barrera. They all ordered shots. At around 1:40 a.m., Fierro headed home while Barrientos left with the two women in Ermey’s Honda. He told Fierro they were headed for Centerfolds, the strip club where Ermey worked.
Barrientos didn’t seem to be giving Tyner as many drugs to sell. Phillips, meanwhile, had made as many as 50 or 60 trips to Oklahoma City, where Barrientos had a suburban compound worthy of Scarface: stacks of money totaling $100,000 on the coffee table, men with guns, hundreds of pounds of weed and a stream of naked women.Tyner has not responded to requests for interviews, nor has he provided any testimony regarding Denny Phillips, likely out of fear that the Indian Brotherhood will retaliate against his family. When he was arrested, his attorneys told the mother of his youngest child to leave town immediately. She didn’t return for months.Symantha Stanton awoke that morning to find Tyner gone, but she didn’t consider it unusual: He normally worked out early. She saw him around noon that day and for most of the next week. He was acting normally. Neither he nor her car smelled of petroleum. Nothing incriminating was present.
Fierro and Brooke were in the bedroom when Barrientos arrived a short time later. Fierro heard female voices, which he assumed to be those of Ermey and Barrera. Brooke went out to greet them; Fierro stayed behind. He heard music and amiable chatting.Fierro spent a half-hour chatting with Tyner; the two had met while helping Barrientos move over the summer and had an easy rapport. Tyner asked when Barrientos might be coming back. Fierro suspected it would be soon, since few places would still be open.Tyner and Phillips discussed their options in Sanders’ presence. Both had reason to trust her: Sanders, 20, had known Tyner since she was 4 years old. He’d often babysat her. Phillips knew Sanders’ father, Perry, a fellow member of the Indian Brotherhood: The two had once escaped Mayes County Jail together.
Denny Phillips was aware of all of this, having smuggled drugs into prison cells and gained status in the process; he was high in the tribal hierarchy of the Indian Brotherhood, a volatile Native American prison gang that began making noise in the early 1990s. Violent and organized, they deal drugs and call shots from the inside with freed members spread across the Midwest. Opposing gangs and their families visit on alternating days to avoid any eruptions.
Later, you could ask someone about David Tyner in Oklahoma City and get that same blank stare. Byrd doesn’t register, either. So you describe him: 5-foot-9, built wide, the pride of Locust Grove High. Half Cherokee Indian. Ears like chewed-up bubblegum.Fierro drove her back to the Barrientos house, where he had a key and was free to come and go as he pleased. According to Fierro’s later testimony, Brooke requested that he take a shower so they could have sex. She also snorted more cocaine. The two were alone for approximately 45 minutes before Fierro began to hear someone knocking and whistling at the door. Barrientos had been the primary target: big, fearless and known to be armed. He took four shots to the torso and one to the head. The pregnant Millie Barrera most likely was the second kill; as with Barrientos, shots to the back indicated she had been trying to flee. Clean and easy. He fought once in late 2006 and six times in 2007, including a bout he accepted just 10 days after fighting. Even with the extra weight, Tyner was formidable: He won all of his contests in the first round. Except for an October bout, he spent more time golfing than training. After feeling the sting of a kickboxer’s strikes — like having a baseball bat swung at you — he promptly quit both the fight and the sport.That didn’t pay the bills, though, so she insisted he get a job. Tyner started work as a cook at Boomerang’s. But every other waking moment was being spent with Phillips, to whom he began to refer as “brother.”Denny Phillips was described as a “person of interest” in the case, but evidence was scant. He remained below the radar until January 2010, when he was arrested for possessing a weapon as a convicted felon. He had the audacity to rob the home of Tulsa homicide detective Mike Huff, stealing a police uniform, guns, family heirlooms and even Huff’s Chevrolet pickup. Police feared he was desperate and organized a task force to hunt him down. Phillips was sentenced to seven years for the Huff burglary and assorted weapons charges: Oklahoma District Attorney David Prater built his case glacially but finally indicted Phillips in August 2012 for the six murders and on one count of conspiracy. He’s currently awaiting trial; witnesses have paraded through the court room during preliminary hearings to detail how proud he seemed of the crime. A commanding officer talked the gun out of Tyner’s mouth, then put him on suicide watch. Some Marines remember him getting a troubling letter from his wife, who may have confessed infidelity. (The two soon separated.) Having put on weight since college, he also was badgered for not “taping out,” or having proper body measurements for a soldier. It forced him into remedial physical training, which the once-decorated athlete despised. Maybe you needed to look at alternative sources of revenue, and, when it comes down to it, prove you’re the man you say you are by stealing someone’s last breath while they fight for both their life and the life of their unborn child. Fierro may have been a dealer of ill repute who once met with Mexican cartel members while his children played in the backyard and who was barely two hours removed from selling cocaine to a pregnant woman, but he was not stupid. He continued to run until he smashed into a horse kept in a neighbor’s yard. Dazed, he climbed up a tree, where he waited for a thought to come into his head as to what to do next. Mostly, Tyner would play the one-upper game. Other times, he’d sit stone-faced and tell the men in the barracks about being a hit man for the New York and Chicago mobs. One job, he said, netted him $50,000. The client wanted the target to drop dead in front of his wife, so Tyner posted himself on the roof of a building in Milwaukee and waited for the couple to situate themselves on a patio. He shot the man dead at 300 yards. No scope. One afternoon, Ermey returned home and saw her boyfriend kissing her roommate. Furious, she got her own apartment and began cozying up to her roommate’s ex in an act of emotional revenge. He was not quite her type, with horns inked on his head and known gang affiliations. But Casey Barrientos bought Ermey nice things and had easy access to cocaine, for which she had acquired a taste.As Fierro left the living room, he heard Tyner on his cellphone telling someone that the only people in the house were Fierro and his girlfriend. A few drinks in, he thought little of it.
He was shipped back home and tried cage fighting, and that was fun until he realized his halfhearted approach to training could get him seriously hurt.“He didn’t look well,” recalls Cindy David, Austin’s mother, who frequently hosted Tyner at her family’s country property, where he would bow-hunt or shoot deer from tree stands. “He had a smile you couldn’t miss. But he became very serious, solemn.” Once, he left a carnival when the fireworks started, unsettled by the noise.