Polly Want A Cracker

Polly is about to hang, praying to god and waiting to be sent to heaven, when a letter comes from the King to set her free. She suffers terribly from her first near-death experience. She blames Thomas, then leaves him, Shelby Company Limited, and the Peaky Blinders. She goes to bad ways using prison-tablets and whiskey for healing herself. Apparently, she believes since she put her head inside the noose, she’s free to do what she wants.Polly and Thomas work together to finish Luca Changretta. Changretta takes over Solomons then came to Birmingham to take over Shelby Company Limited where he knows that Arthur’s death had been faked. They make a deal with one of Luca’s rivals, mafioso Al Capone, thus switching the loyalty of Luca’s henchmen. Arthur pulls the trigger in the end.

In 1924 at the wedding of Thomas and Grace, Polly knows Ruben Oliver is giving her the eyes. She thinks that he looks harmless and talks to him. Later Polly approaches Ruben to commission him to paint her portrait. He’s fascinated by her beauty, saying she’s a woman of substance and class.
Before going to Epsom, Polly lays cash in front of Michael, telling him to take the money and start a new life for himself in London, away from the “Birmingham life,” which is what she should have done at the start, but now has business to attend to. At Epsom, Polly corners Major Campbell in a phone booth whilst he’s on the phone with Winston Churchill. Despite his pleading, she shoots him in the heart and exits the phone booth and bar.

Later in 1925-1926, Polly’s alone without Ruben Oliver and she looks for “someone unsuitable” to sleep with. Moreover, she says “I’ve lost a man” to Ada Shelby.
She was killed by the IRA, as a consequence for her nephews’ actions after they tried to have Oswald Mosley assassinated. Her body was then delivered to Thomas’ house, Arrow House, where he broke down in tears from grief and guilt.Polly is greeted the next morning by her son Michael, who has arrived in Birmingham to see her, and they catch up after almost eighteen years apart. As Michael offers to be the new accountant, Polly talks to Thomas and insists that her son not be involved in the illegal activities of the Peaky Blinders and negotiates his pay.

Why is Polly a dark song?
The song was written about the abduction, rape, and torture of a 14-year-old girl returning home from a punk rock concert in Tacoma, Washington in 1987. Written from the perspective of the perpetrator, “Polly” has frequently been cited as evidence of Cobain’s support of feminism and women’s rights.
Polly talks with Ada about her lack of sex life and makes a New Year’s resolution, looking for “someone unsuitable” to sleep with. She attends the board meeting about the reinstatement of Polly to the position of the Shelby Company treasurer and dropping the law of the bullet.Polly tells Michael about his father. She says that he’s a Gypsy, and died drunk, squeezed between a boat and a dock. She tells him when her past husband was sober, he was kind and gentle. He could sing, play the piano, had a beautiful smile, and has got the same beautiful eyes as Michael’s. His trouble was he fell in with the wrong crowd when he was a boy.

On her birthday, Polly visits Aberama Gold in the hospital following the death of his son. Having visited him, she breaks him out of his room to stay with his sister. On the journey, he hands Polly a single rose and wishes her a happy birthday. Polly warns Aberama to lay low and allow Thomas to take care of Jimmy McCavern and the Billy Boys. However he leaves for Scotland the moment Polly is out of sight. This is the first we see of a developing relationship between Aberama and Polly — after they had sex in the woods — which eventually leads to Thomas promising Aberama he will be allowed to marry Polly if he calls a truce with the Billy Boys while they do business together. He agrees and, not long after, Aberama proposes to Polly and she accepts.
They came from a different society, he’s a well-educated artist but she has never been educated, is the matriarch of a criminal gang and a murderess. However, he pursues and seduces her until things have begun to develop between them. Finally, Polly decides to come for him at night and sleeps with him. Polly trusts him, leading her to share the secret of her involvement in the murder of Campbell with him.The next day at the train station, Freddie arrives as they are about to board the train. He proposes to Ada and she says yes, but he tells Polly that they are staying in Birmingham and that he is not afraid of Thomas. However, when Polly tells Thomas, he confides that he promised Campbell that Freddie wouldn’t come back. Polly tries to offer Freddie 200 pounds and a ticket to New York for him and Ada, but he again refuses to leave.

When the Shelby brothers were absent during WWI, Polly managed the Peaky Blinders business. Since her nephews came back, she has been an important figure in the Shelby family dealing with family feuds and advising on the company’s actions and policies.
When Luca Changretta comes to attack the Shelbys, as the matriarch, Polly must come back to protect her family despite the bad blood between her and Thomas. Because of the Mafia’s attacks, John is dead and Michael is badly wounded. At John’s funeral, Polly is the most upset at Thomas for using his own brother’s funeral as a trap, and walks away. She meets the hired hitman Aberama Gold for the first time. She knows he wants something other than just money with her second sight.”So at an alternative time, when we have all recovered I would like to put before the family an alternative view of the future of the Shelby Company Limited. A more hopeful view. Which I, for one, would quite like to hear.”When she was young and the police were after her father, he used to take the family out, living in the wood. When she was sixteen she got pregnant, however the father did not return and she was forced to abort the child on her own terms. She managed to do a self-administered abortion and almost died.Later, she goes to the bar joining unexpected man Luca Changretta, who determines to kill her and her family. Polly makes a deal with Luca offering to sacrifice Thomas in exchange for the lives of Arthur, Michael, and Finn while they charm each other. Luca doesn’t trust Polly easily, he uses Michael to threaten her that he can reach her son at any time and he will kill her only son if she can’t deliver Thomas. Polly makes an appointment for Thomas that she will send him to Luca and put the black star in Thomas’s diary. Michael knows his mother’s plot but he chooses not to tell Thomas because he chooses his mother.

What is the old nickname Polly?
For example, Molly may replace Margaret, Tom traditionally replaces Thomas, Polly for Mary, and Bill is commonly used for William.
In 1924 Polly attends Thomas and Grace’s wedding. A Russian named Anton Kaledin comes and speaks with her because “it’s Aunt Polly who Thomas Shelby trusts most.” She knows he’s a spy, then he’s killed by Arthur.

When her son is thrown behind bars by Major Campbell for the burning of the Marquis of Lorne, Polly takes matters into her own hands to get Michael out of jail. Major Campbell offers to sign Michael’s release form in exchange for Polly having sex with him. He specifically humiliates her by both verbally and physically abusing her, demanding that she be “small and weak” and cry for him. Polly is disgusted by the demand but reluctantly accepts in the end, thinking only of her son’s freedom. However, Campbell rapes Polly forcefully despite her acquiescence.
Aunt Polly has looked after her nephews, Arthur, Thomas, John, Finn, and her niece Ada since they were young. She managed the Peaky Blinders and its businesses while the Shelby boys were fighting in WWI.

Thomas knows that Father Hughes is the traitor who’s passing information on to the Soviets and plans to kill him. Steaming drunk, Aunt Polly makes a big mistake, she goes to confession at church that her family is planning to murder “a man of the cloth.” Father Hughes knows this means him and Thomas’s plans fall apart.After John, Arthur, and Thomas return from the war, they retake control of the Peaky Blinders, with Thomas eventually assuming leadership. However, Polly remains the matriarch and heart of the family. Thomas keeps many things close to his chest, such as the fact that his men accidentally acquired the wrong crate during a routine pick-up, taking a crate that contained Lewis machine guns. Polly is the only one that Thomas will confide in. When she is eventually able to wheedle the information out of him, she tells him to dump the guns before he gets hanged for having them. With Thomas’ initial absence, Polly takes a greater role within Shelby Company Limited, and is alerted of the Wall Street Crash immediately after it happens. Due to this, she returns home to sit on the Board of Directors, wherein they discuss the situation and how it affects the company. She is glad to hear that all is not lost as Shelby Company Limited has diversified its portfolio and has investments around the globe. Michael persuades his mother to help Thomas and promises then he will go to Australia with her after everything is finished. Thomas also begs Polly to come back. Polly tells Thomas she understands what he said at John’s funeral. Polly makes things clear, she changes because she realizes “when you’re dead already you’re free.” and throws her tablets and whiskey away. Moreover, she’s back to help him because of Michael. She advises her nephew on the situation, especially asking Aberama what he really wants. Aberama divulges to Thomas that he wants him to help his son Bonnie Gold to be a boxer.She later married a river Gypsy whose last name was Gray and had two children, Michael and Anna Gray. However, her husband died drunk, squeezed between a boat and a lock, and both her children were taken from her by the parish authorities, in part due to the intervention of a neighbor.

Elizabeth Pollyanna “Polly” Gray (née Shelby) is the mother of Michael and Anna Gray, aunt of Arthur, Thomas, John, Ada and Finn Shelby, as well as being the matriarch of the Shelby Family. She is part of the Birmingham criminal gang, the Peaky Blinders, a certified accountant and company treasurer of Shelby Company Limited.

Who said Polly want a cracker?
Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe (1719) named his parrot Poll and taught him to speak, and in a much later 1894 children’s version the parrot said “Polly wants a cracker, cracker.” Cached
The next day, he leaves her. When Charles Shelby is kidnapped, Thomas leads her to believe that Ruben betrayed her. She is heartbroken. However, he appears and makes it clear that he was not the one who betrayed her. He tells her he is ready to enter her world. She tells him that she wants a dull life and him, then they embrace and kiss.

At John’s wedding to Esme Lee, Ada’s water breaks and Polly takes her home to deliver the baby boy. She asks Thomas to allow Freddie to come to see his son and he agrees. However, after the baby is born, the police raid the house and take Freddie away. Polly is furious and bursts into the Garrison Pub, yelling at Thomas and calling him a liar.
Thomas is able to discover what happened to Polly’s children. The girl died of spring fever, but he locates the boy, Michael. Thomas will not give Polly the address where Michael is and tells Polly that her son must choose to contact her if he wants. Even being threatened by Polly holding a gun to his head will not move Thomas. Polly fires her gun at the ceiling in impotent rage before heading out on a bender of epic proportions at the newly re-opened Garrison Pub. She is shown using opium and drinking alcohol, as well as having sex with a young man.

Which bird is often given the nickname Polly?
Why Do We Call Parrots “Polly”?
In the night of the fight Bonnie versus Alfie Solomons’s nephew Goliath, Luca sends assassins to kill her family. It’s Arthur who’s attacked, his funeral’s set latterly. Thomas wants Michael to do business in America, however Michael doesn’t want to go. Polly promises her son when this business’s over, she and Michael will be free to make their own choices.

On Black Star Day, when the Blinders learn that they have been betrayed by Inspector Campbell and his spy Grace Burgess, Polly tells Thomas that she’ll deal with Grace. Polly visits Grace at the Garrison just as she is about to leave. They share drinks and Polly tells Grace that though Thomas might accept Grace into the family, Polly herself never will. She tells Grace that if she sets eyes on her again she’ll kill her.
Polly finds out that Ada is pregnant with the child of Freddie Thorne, who has since fled the city from Inspector Chester Campbell. Polly tells Ada about how she was sixteen when she first became pregnant and how she almost died from the abortion, hoping that the father of her child would come back. She tells Ada that they should take the train the following day for Ada to get a proper abortion.

Is Polly a girl?
Polly is a feminine name of Latin origin that means “star of the sea.” Once used as an endearing pet name for “Molly” and “Mary,” Polly has since matured into a timeless name in its own right.
What starts off as a man that Polly describes as a savage and a dangerous element, ends up being somebody that she becomes fascinated by quite quickly. They’re both Gypsies, widows, and criminals.

“Came back when I put my head in the noose. It’s like putting your head through a window and seeing the whole world… When you’ve put your head out of that window you can do anything you want, cos there are no rules, cos there are no risks.” Polly has become withdrawn and depressed and visits a medium because she had a dream about her daughter. The woman, Mrs. Pryce of the Patch, tells her that her daughter is dead, and Polly breaks down into tears. However, Esme later warns her that the Gypsy woman is a charlatan. When Arthur brings home his absentee father Arthur Shelby Sr., having happened upon him in a boxing club, Polly is disgusted to see the “thieving whore-monger” who abandoned his family. When Thomas walks in, his reaction is the same. While his father proclaims that he’s a changed man, Thomas does not trust him. Polly is not surprised when he cons his own son, Arthur, out of five hundred pounds.

At last Luca realizes that was the plan that Polly sets him up because Thomas prepared machine gun and kills three of his men. The Shelby family finds out what happened, it’s was the plan that Polly and Thomas agreed on from the beginning.
Michael kills Father Hughes and brings Charles home where Polly sees the blood and embraces him. When business is over, Thomas calls a family meeting and tells them the police have issued warrants for the arrests of Arthur, John, Michael, and Polly. This was ordered by their enemies whom they betrayed last night. Polly is arrested for the murder of Chief Inspector Chester Campbell.

Polly takes Michael Gray out into the woods with Gypsies, the Palmers and the Boswells, by Aberama’s support. After her son is gone with Bonny, Polly and Aberama are alone by the river in the woods. They’re falling for each other. She tells about her life after putting her head in the noose, she’s got the second sight and she can do anything she wants because of her lack of fear of death. She makes out with him while threatens him with a knife that, if anything happens to her son, she’ll be his enemy. He understands her and they continue making out.
Thomas brings in Aberama Gold because he needs this man’s specific expertise fighting against Luca Changretta. She meets him the first time at John Shelby’s funeral, while he looks at her flirtatiously, she knows he wants something other than just money with her second sight.After recurring dreams of her daughter’s death, Polly seeks answers about her children and their current whereabouts. This eventually leads her son, Michael, back to her. She quickly becomes affectionate with him, devoting her life to him. She introduces him to the family business and the Peaky Blinders. She does, however, shield him within the Peaky Blinders in order to keep his hands clean.

What does her cracker mean?
Cracker, sometimes white cracker or cracka, is a term used against White people, used especially with regard to poor rural Whites in the Southern United States.
“Whilst working for this company, I have killed a man, I have lost a man, I have found a son, I have almost lost a son, I have almost lost my own life. Now, I will accept my job back if the terms on offer are favourable, but I will not behave myself.”

Is Polly a gypsy?
Background. Polly originates from the criminal Gypsy family the Shelbys. She’s the daughter of Mr. Shelby and Birdie Boswell. Her brother is Arthur Shelby Sr. Polly tells her son Michael Gray that his grandmother was a Gypsy Princess.
Luca Changretta is the Mafia mobster who has a vendetta against the Shelbys especially plans to kill her. Luca’s mother, Audrey Changretta, knows Polly’s mother and she taught her how to read. Audrey knows Polly and said to his son that “Polly Gray, that child would never let go of a grievance and she loves to dance.” Polly makes a deal with Luca giving him Thomas Shelby while sparing the rest, moreover they charm each other. At last, he realizes that was the plan, and that Polly sets him up. It’s was a plan that Polly and Thomas agreed on.

Polly goes to see Ruben Oliver when her portrait’s finished and they have sex. The following day, Polly learns that Michael plans to kill Father Hughes and why Michael asks to do. Polly grieves over her son’s pain, but she doesn’t want her son to become a killer.Polly also meets a portrait artist, Ruben Oliver, who plans to seduce her. Later Polly approaches Ruben to commission him to paint her portrait. While he’s painting, he divulges that his main objective is seducing her. In the war against the Changrettas, Polly tells the boys to compromise but Thomas does not. Finally, Grace is shot. When there are conflicts in the family, Polly manages to diffuse the situation with a call for family unity.

The relationship between Thomas and Polly is a close one. She is perhaps his closest advisor with things related both to the family business, Shelby Company Limited, and the Peaky Blinders. She holds a high ranking position within the Peaky Blinders due to her close relationship with her nephew, and on multiple occasions he puts Polly in interim charge. He also states on one occasion that if he does not return, she is to assume charge permanently. Polly can read Tommy like a book.
Later, Polly tries to convince Ada to forgive Thomas. She tells Ada about her children and how the police took them away from her. Thomas is the one who brings strength and power to the Shelby family, so that the same thing won’t happen to Ada, and that Thomas will get Freddie out of jail. Polly brings Ada and her son to the next family meeting and Ada tells Thomas that she forgives him, as long as he does what Polly promised.Polly originates from the criminal Gypsy family the Shelbys. She’s the daughter of Mr. Shelby and Birdie Boswell. Her brother is Arthur Shelby Sr. Polly tells her son Michael Gray that his grandmother was a Gypsy Princess. Polly always wears the Black Madonna.

Charles Shelby is kidnapped by Father Hughes. He wants Thomas to blow up the train and wants the Russians’ jewels including the Faberge Egg. Thomas starts accusing everyone in his immediate family that someone leaked the information about Faberge Egg. In the end, Thomas tells Polly it must be Ruben Oliver as she may leak information when she’s drunk. But it’s not Polly who leaks, and not Ruben who betrays them, he comes to find Polly. Polly tells him that she wanted a dull life with him.
When Michael finally returns from New York, Polly is among those who meets him at the train station and asks for the truth regarding the journey home — in which it is suspected that Michael is plotting against Thomas with the IRA’s help. Polly tells Michael that he does not have a home until he is proven innocent, much to his shock. She is also present when he is questioned by Thomas and Arthur at the Garrison, pleading with Thomas to take it easy on him as she believes him to be telling the truth; nevertheless Thomas and Arthur are both hard on Michael despite Polly’s pleading.

When the war against Mafia is over, and Thomas PTSD is back, It’s Polly who tells him to “shake hands with the devils and walk past them.” Thomas’ back and continues his bigger plans, Polly is the one who always stands by him.

She is one of the first people that Ada openly talks about regarding her unborn child. She asks for advice, with Polly expressing concern that the father will abandon the child and it will grow into the Peaky life. Ada however is worried about Thomas’ opinion, but Polly admits that he is already aware and hasn’t shown much resistance.

When Polly and Aberama are alone in the wood. They develop their romantic relationship. He’s the man with a bad reputation but treats her with respect while she tells about her second sight, his dead wife and her life after a near-death experience. They’re falling for each other. She seduces him and calls him “a strong, handsome man.” They make out while she threatens him with a knife that, if any harm comes to her son, Michael, she’ll be his enemy. He understands her and calls her “a beautiful ghost.” They continue making out in the forest. By the early 1800s, those immigrants “started to refer to themselves that way as a badge of honor” as is the case with other events of linguistical reappropriation. In On the Origin of Species, Charles Darwin quotes a Professor Wyman as saying, “one of the ‘crackers’ (i.e. Virginia squatters) added, ‘we select the black members of a litter [of pigs] for raising, as they alone have a good chance of living.”

On November 29, 1993, in a speech given at Kean College in New Jersey, Nation of Islam spokesman Khalid Abdul Muhammad called Pope John Paul II “a no good cracker”.”Cracker” has also been used as a proud or jocular self-description in the past. With the huge influx of new residents from the North, “cracker” is used informally by some white residents of Florida and Georgia (“Florida cracker” or “Georgia cracker”) to indicate that their family has lived there for many generations. It has been suggested that white slave foremen in the antebellum South were called “crackers” owing to their practice of “cracking the whip” to drive and punish slaves. Whips were also cracked over pack animals, so “cracker” may have referred to whip-cracking more generally. According to An American Glossary (1912): In 2012, in Jacksonville, Florida, Michael Dunn murdered Jordan Davis in an argument over loud music coming from a car. Dunn alleged that he had heard the word “cracker” coming from the vehicle occupied by high school aged teenagers. This claim, along with other details in Dunn’s testimony, was not substantiated by other witnesses in the criminal proceedings.Frederick Law Olmsted, a prominent landscape architect from Connecticut, visited the South as a journalist in the 1850s and wrote that “some crackers owned a good many Negroes, and were by no means so poor as their appearance indicated.” The label followed the Scotch-Irish American immigrants, who were often seen by officials as “unruly and ill-mannered” The use of the word is further demonstrated in official documents, where the Governor of Florida said, Cracker, sometimes white cracker or cracka, is a racial slur used against White people, used especially with regard to poor rural Whites in the Southern United States. Although commonly a pejorative, it is also used in a neutral context, particularly in reference to a native of Florida or Georgia (see Florida cracker and Georgia cracker).In 1947, the student body of Florida State University voted on the name of their athletic symbol. From a list of more than 100 choices, Seminoles was selected. The other finalists, in order of finish, were Statesmen, Rebels, Tarpons, Fighting Warriors, and Crackers.

The compound corn-cracker was used of poor white farmers (by 1808), especially from Georgia, but also extended to residents of northern Florida, from the cracked kernels of corn which formed a staple food of this class of people. This possibility is given in the 1911 edition of Encyclopædia Britannica, but the Oxford English Dictionary says a derivation of the 18th-century simplex cracker from the 19th-century compound corn-cracker is doubtful.

On June 27, 2013, in the trial of George Zimmerman concerning the killing of Trayvon Martin, a witness under examination (Rachel Jeantel) testified that Martin, an African-American, had told her over the telephone that a “creepy ass cracker is following me” minutes before the altercation between the two occurred. Zimmerman’s attorney then asked her if “creepy ass cracker” was an offensive term, to which she responded “no”. The testimony and response brought about both media and public debate about the use of the word “cracker”. A CNN report referred to the regional nature of the term, noting both that “some in Florida use the term in a non-derogatory, colloquial sense” and that it is sometimes regarded as a “sharp racial insult that resonates with white southerners even if white northerners don’t get it”.
Before the Milwaukee Braves baseball team moved to Atlanta, the Atlanta minor league baseball team was known as the “Atlanta Crackers”. The team existed under this name from 1901 until 1965. They were members of the Southern Association from their inception until 1961, and members of the International League from 1961 until they were moved to Richmond, Virginia in 1965.The historical derivative of the word craic and its meaning can be seen as far back as the Elizabethan era (1558-1603) where the term crack could be used to refer to “entertaining conversation” (one may be said to “crack” a joke or to be “cracking wise”) The word cracker could be used to describe loud braggarts; An example of this can be seen in William Shakespeare’s King John (c. 1595) “What cracker is this same that deafs our ears with this abundance of superfluous breath?”

The term is “probably an agent noun” from the word crack. The word crack was later adopted into Gaelic as the word craic meaning a “loud conversation, bragging talk” where this interpretation of the word is still in use in Ireland, Scotland, and Northern England today.
In 2008, former President Bill Clinton used the term “cracker” on Larry King Live to describe white voters he was attempting to win over for Barack Obama: “You know, they think that because of who I am and where my politic[al] base has traditionally been, they may want me to go sort of hustle up what Lawton Chiles used to call the ‘cracker vote’ there.”Late 19th century cattle drivers of the southeastern scrub land cracked whips to move cattle. Many slaves and free blacks joined the Seminoles and found work in the cattle business. Descendants of crackers are often proud of their heritage. Benjamin Franklin, in his memoirs (1790), referred to “a race of runnagates and crackers, equally wild and savage as the Indians” who inhabit the “desert[ed] woods and mountains”. Singer-songwriter Randy Newman, on his socio-politically themed album Good Old Boys (1974) uses the term “cracker” on the song “Kingfish” (“I’m a cracker, You one too, Gonna take good care of you”). The song’s subject is Huey Long, populist Governor and then Senator for Louisiana (1928–1935). The term is also used in “Louisiana 1927” from the same album, where the line “Ain’t it a shame what the river has done to this poor cracker’s land” is attributed to President Coolidge.The whips used by some of these people are called ‘crackers’, from their having a piece of buckskin at the end. Hence the people who cracked the whips came to be thus named. I should explain to your Lordship what is meant by Crackers; a name they have got from being great boasters; they are a lawless set of rascalls on the frontiers of Virginia, Maryland, the Carolinas, and Georgia, who often change their places of abode. The word was later documented describing a group of “Celtic immigrants, Scotch-Irish people who came to America running from political circumstances in the old world”. This usage is illustrated in a 1766 letter to the Earl of Dartmouth which reads:Another possibility, which may be a modern folk etymology, supposes that the term derives from “soda cracker”, a type of light wheat biscuit which dates in the Southern US to at least the Civil War. The idea has possibly been influenced by “whitebread”, a similar term for white people. “Soda cracker” and even “white soda cracker” have become extended versions of “cracker” as an epithet.

In his 1964 speech “The Ballot or the Bullet”, Malcolm X used the term “cracker” in reference to white people in a pejorative context. In one passage, he remarked, “It’s time for you and me to stop sitting in this country, letting some cracker senators, Northern crackers and Southern crackers, sit there in Washington, D.C., and come to a conclusion in their mind that you and I are supposed to have civil rights. There’s no white man going to tell me anything about my rights.”
A 1783 pejorative use of crackers specified men who “descended from convicts that were transported from Great Britain to Virginia at different times, and inherit so much profligacy from their ancestors, that they are the most abandoned set of men on earth”.Genealogical Problem: We often find a nickname in an old source and need to know what formal name it represents. Or, we know the name, but wonder what possible nicknames and variant spellings might appear in an index or database.

Traditional nicknames only please. But many nicknames are traditionally used to replace a more formal name. For example, Molly may replace Margaret, Tom traditionally replaces Thomas, Polly for Mary, and Bill is commonly used for William. These traditional nicknames are exactly the kind you are invited to please add to the following list.
Barbara Jean Evans, A to Zax: List of Traditional Nicknames in Historic Documents, 3rd ed.(Alexandria, Va.: Hearthside Press, 1995), 293-300.[FS Library US/CAN REF AREA 929.103 E15g]Rules: (1) Simply type the nickname on the left, an equals mark in the middle, and the formal name on the right, for example, Bill= William, (2) Please keep the nicknames in alphabetical order.

No unique nicknames. Some nicknames are random and unrelated to the regular name of their owner. For example, White Pine Sally as a substitute for Sophia may be a one-time nickname. Bugsy is a nickname in gangster movies, but has little to do with the owner’s original name. Please do not add these kinds of random or unique nicknames to the following list.
After I received your note, I decided to try and find out the origin of that hackneyed phrase. It turns out the fault lies with Shakespeare, or more specifically, one of his friends. Keep in mind: My answer is basically paraphrased from information I found online, so if you don’t agree with my answer, blame the internet…or Shakespeare’s friend.

What is Polly the parrot?
Polly Parrot is a recurring sidekick character in “Peppa Pig”. She is depicted as a parrot character. She is Granny Pig and Grandpa Pig’s pet bird.
Here is something else parrots like to eat…clay. Each day hundreds of parrots descend on clay cliffs in Peru and chow down. Researchers are still debating why the birds are attracted to the cliffs. Some say it has to do with obtaining minerals, while others feel the clay helps protect the birds from toxins found in the fruit they eat. Whatever it is the birds gain from the clay, it still sounds better than eating a soda cracker.IDK, Melanie, I don’t know the answer to either of those questions, but the Polly/cracker thing really annoys me. Here at work we sell bird hand puppets. Anytime a child stumbles upon a parrot puppet, he or she will invariably spend the next ten minutes chasing a parent around yelling, “Polly wants a cracker, Polly wants a cracker.” The parent, of course, just keeps shopping and ignores the whole thing.

What does Polly mean in slang?
1. a mistress, a prostitute who lives with a man.
This column is written by Mike O’Connor and the staff at the Bird Watcher’s General Store in Orleans. Original artwork is supplied by Cathy Clark. If you have a question for the bird experts, please e-mail it to [email protected] or call 508-255-6974.Here’s another theory. In the mid-1800s, there was a dark cartoon, which depicted a boy who was about to strike a parrot with a stick. The cartoon gives the impression that the kid is upset with the bird and is asking, “Polly, want a cracker?” A cracker in this case isn’t a snack, but a whack upside the head. (This was before the days of PETA.)

Shakespeare had nothing to do with that annoying parrot phrase, Melanie. But his friend, Ben Jonson, needs to take some of the blame, as well as the biscuit company and the mean kid with the stick.
In the late 1800s, the American Biscuit Company, in an effort to boost sales of its gross soda crackers, started an ad campaign for the company’s Parrot Brand. The ad featured a parrot (macaw) standing on a perch with one foot holding a cracker. The bird doesn’t say its famous catchphrase, but it is totally implied. I don’t know if the ad worked, but a few years later American Biscuit became the National Biscuit Company (NABISCO), where they invented the Oreo, and no one ever mentioned soda crackers again.

Meanwhile, I can’t help thinking: “Really, kid? Is that the cleverest thing you can think of to say? Don’t you have any new material? No wonder your parent keeps ignoring you.”
The play was a hit and the character, Sir Pol, became so popular that many folks started naming their parrots after him. Pol ultimately morphed into Polly and eventually became the generic name for all parrots. In fact, President Andrew Jackson had an African Grey Parrot, which he called “Poll” (the feisty president wasn’t about to go with the cutesy Polly name).The whole Polly/cracker mania might have died out, but then Looney Tunes cartoons came along. And if Looney Tunes did anything well, it excelled at promoting stereotypes. Parrots in these cartoons were always asking for crackers, including one bird that wouldn’t stop bugging Bugs Bunny. Finally, Bugs had had enough and gave the parrot a cracker…only in this case, the “cracker” was a lit firecracker. Ah, the good ol’ days of violent humor.

Where Polly’s demand for crackers originated is a little less clear. Some people blame Robert Lewis Stevenson’s Treasure Island. Nope. While there was a talking parrot in the story, its name was “Captain Flint,” not Polly. Also, Captain Flint didn’t want crackers, but instead kept asking for “pieces of eight.” Why pieces of eight? I guess if the bird had its own money, it would be able to buy whatever food it wanted, and could finally move on from an all-cracker diet.
Since parrots are mimics and only repeat what they’ve heard, it’s safe to assume Poll’s colorful language originated from Old Hickory himself. (This is the reason why I never speak near parrots.)Here’s a question: Do parrots even like crackers? Based on what I’ve read, pet parrots do indeed enjoy crackers in one form or another; in the wild, however, parrots eat nuts, flowers, fruit, buds and seeds. Their love for those things puts them in conflict with humans, especially farmers. (I think farmers wish parrots really did crave crackers, instead of their crops.)

When the president died, Poll, for some reason, was allowed to attend the funeral. Just as the service was getting underway, the parrot decided it had a few words to say and launched into a steady stream of profanity. When attempts to silence the bird failed, it had to be taken out of the room.In the early 1600s, Shakespeare’s friend, Ben Jonson, wrote a play entitled “Volpone.” One of the characters in the play went by the name of “Sir Pol Would-Be” (yes, that was his name). Sir Pol and his wife traveled to Venice, even though neither of them could speak Italian. In order to fit in, the two Brits simply repeated, parrot-style, whatever Italian words they heard the locals say. Finally, if you ask me, the best way to enjoy a parrot is to watch it from a distance, with a pair of binoculars, in its natural habitat. Parrots belong in the wild, not in cages. Instead of offering a parrot a cracker, it would be better to offer the bird its freedom. Cages aren’t fit for any living thing…except for maybe that mean kid with the stick. Also, in some movies, alterations refer to the original phrase, like in the Simpsons, Mr. Burns asking “Smithers want a cracker” (1989) or in Batman and Robin (1997) where Poison Ivy asks Robin “ Polly want a Kiss?”.The expression is believed to be made up by pirates, maybe because it popped up in Robert Louise Stevenson’s world-famous novel Treasure Island (1883).According to Urban Dictionary, it is also said when a black woman is fond of a white man, as among African Americans the word “cracker” is a term used to refer to any European or European American.

Since Nabisco has used “Polly want a cracker?” for their slogan, the term has become part of the common language and appeared in pretty much every movie with a parrot in it.
Polly want a cracker (AmE) or “Polly wants a cracker” (BrE) is a cliché phrase taught or said to parrots and other birds with speech-mimicking abilities.

I am not sure if it is possible to answer this question. “Polly” is a traditional name for a parrot, dating back an awfully long time (as is the expression, as shown by this Google NGram.
Wow, is this a Nirvana reference? Polly is a parakeet also used in this way. It’s a derogatory way of saying, I’ll give you a minor reward for doing what I tell you to do… and it has been conditioned to comply. Parrots can be taught to say all sorts of things. I remember being in a dingily-lit country pub many years ago. Myself and my lady companion seemed to be the only customers, but every few minutes a voice coming from somewhere in the murk kept saying “I’ve got my beady little eye on you!”. While there are a number of sources that attribute the origin of this phrase to R.L. Stevenson’s Treasure Island (pub. 1883), or alternatively, to the National Biscuit Company (Nabisco, c. 1876) which used it as a popular slogan, neither of them appears to be the right one. As James McLeod has pointed out in another answer, “Polly want a cracker” can be verified to have been in use even before these dates. Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe (1719) named his parrot Poll and taught him to speak, and in a much later 1894 children’s version the parrot said “Polly wants a cracker, cracker.” Polly is a diminutive of Poll “as a female name, and name for a parrot,” and Poll, altered from Moll, familiar form of Mary, is the traditional name for any parrot. The earliest quotation the OED gives for Polly as a name or designation for a parrot is from Ben Jonson’s “Epigrams,” 1616.The earliest entry in Google Books is from Bunkum Flag-Staf and Independent Echo”, a satirical fake newspaper published in The Knickerbocker (or, New-York Monthly) magazine, Volume 34, in 1849. The reference to Polly’s crackers can be seen in the following excerpt: English Language & Usage Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists, and serious English language enthusiasts. It only takes a minute to sign up. Now, cracker biscuits were invented in 1801 (or perhaps earlier in 1792) which should date this phrase. Incidentally, the use of the name Polly for a parrot can apparently be dated to at least 1606 to Ben Jonson’s play, Volpone. According to the source, the OED (somebody please clarify) expounds on this matter thusly:A friend of mine knew one that had been taught many sentences ; thus – ‘ Sally, Poll wants her breakfast !’ ‘ Sally, Poll wants her tea !’ but she never mistook the one for the other ; breakfast was invariably demanded in the morning, and tea in the afternoon.Stack Exchange network consists of 182 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.So the female forename Polly comes from the female forename Poll (also Pall), and was originally a rhyming variant of Moll, which is a diminutive of Mary.

A radio show named A Way with Words has also attempted to trace the roots of this phrase. According to the host, the earliest reference he could find was the following cartoon from 1848 in another satirical magazine named The John-Donkey:
In conclusion, there is no concrete proof of the exact origin of the phrase. However, my best guess is that crackers became the staple food/snack for pet parrots who ended up parroting their owners during feeding time – “Polly, want a cracker?”. I believe that the phrase was popularised by Nabisco’s slogan and has been in use ever since. In other words, this exercise was quite pointless; but, I wouldn’t have it any other way :)By clicking “Accept all cookies”, you agree Stack Exchange can store cookies on your device and disclose information in accordance with our Cookie Policy.

We were excruciatingly embarrassed for some time (we certainly stopped canoodling in the corner!). But then we heard “Pieces of eight! Pieces of eight!”, and it finally dawned on us! Strangely, as I recall, it never said that other old standard for parrots – “Who’s a pretty boy, then?”The OED’s earliest quote for Polly (a parrot) is from 1826, but in the etymology section says Ben Jonson used it in his 1616 Epigrams referring to two people, a Robert Pooley and a Parrot, and that there may be a pun:Okay – I know archetypal sailors would say “Arrggghhhh!”, but the point is they probably wouldn’t have seed on board, so the “anthropomorphism” wouldn’t work with that version. And the parrot often wouldn’t be saying either version because he actually wanted anything to eat at all, let alone a specific food (he just likes attention). So from his point of view it’s irrelevant what word he says.

What does Polly want a cracker mean?
In the mid-1800s, there was a dark cartoon, which depicted a boy who was about to strike a parrot with a stick. The cartoon gives the impression that the kid is upset with the bird and is asking, “Polly, want a cracker?” A cracker in this case isn’t a snack, but a whack upside the head.
The use of cracker in the cartoon is a pun on the word for the biscuit as well as the fact that the boy is ready to crack the skull of the parrot open, presumably for annoying him (perhaps by asking him for a cracker?). The hosts of the show go on further to make a connection between the use of crackers on ships (as long-lasting food) and perhaps parrots being on board as well. At any rate, they conclude that even in 1848, parrots named Polly wanted crackers and that the phrase might have been commonly used.A familiar equivalent of the name Mary (see also Polly1), used as the conventional proper name of any parrot; hence, = parrot. So Poll-ˈparrot, also used fig., and attrib., with reference to the parrot’s unintelligent repetition of words.The earliest reference I can find is 1859, but I should think it was a fairly standard thing to teach parrots long before that. Bear in mind that usually (always?) the parrot has no concept of the meaning of whatever it says – after all, it is a bird-brain. The generic name “Pol” for a parrot can be traced back to England since at least the early 1600s. In his 1606 comedy Volpone, Renaissance playwright—and close friend of William Shakespeare—Ben Jonson assigned many of the characters animal personas which reflected their true nature. The cunning title character, for example, is a fox, while his parasitic manservant is a fly. It is unclear whether Jonson actually coined the term “Pol” as a catch-all moniker for parrots, or if he simply popularized it. In any case, indulgent British pet owners eventually turned “Pol” into the much cutesier diminutive “Polly,” and both names made their way across the Atlantic. In fact, U.S. President Andrew Jackson had an African Grey parrot named Pol who was famous for spouting obscenities at visiting dignitaries.Two comic relief-type characters, Sir Politic Would-Be (“Sir Pol” for short) and his wife, are visitors from England who are trying to ingratiate themselves into Venetian society, and they do so by simply mimicking the words and behavior of Volpone and his associates. Because of their endearing ignorance of what they are actually saying when they repeat phrases they’ve learned, Jonson describes them as parrots.

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{{{register_p}}} By creating an account with our store, you will be able to move through the checkout process faster, store multiple shipping addresses, view and track your orders in My Account and more.Veronica Chater explains the conflict in her house between her love for her pet macaw—a kind of parrot—and her love for her husband and three kids. The macaw wreaks a sort of low-level chaos in the house, because it wants Veronica all to itself. (10 minutes)

Unknown, first attested in The John-Donkey (1848 July 29, page 47), popularized by the National Biscuit Company with the slogan “Polly wants a cracker?”A live version of “Polly”, recorded at the London Astoria on December 3, 1989, was released as a promotional single in 1996 to promote the live compilation From the Muddy Banks of the Wishkah, released in November 1996.

The song was written about the abduction, rape, and torture of a 14-year-old girl returning home from a punk rock concert in Tacoma, Washington in 1987. Written from the perspective of the perpetrator, “Polly” has frequently been cited as evidence of Cobain’s support of feminism and women’s rights.
The band recorded another version of the song for the BBC on November 9, 1991, at Maida Vale in London during their appearance on Radio 1’s Mark Goodier Radio Session. The session, their last for the BBC, was first broadcast on November 18, 1991, and three of the four songs from the session, including “Polly”, appeared on the band’s compilation album Incesticide in December 1992. This faster version of the song appeared under the title “(New Wave) Polly.””Polly” was ranked number 18 in NME’s 2004 “Top 20 Nirvana Songs” list. In 2015, Rolling Stone ranked it number 29 in their ranking of 102 Nirvana songs, with Julianne Sheperd writing, “Though it’s certainly not a protest song, it deftly delves into the mind of a sicko, like a succinct Henry: Portrait of a Serial Killer, and is an example of the thoughtful depths Cobain was willing to plumb.” In 2019, it was ranked at number 14 in The Guardian’s list of Nirvana’s 20 greatest songs.