Sherif, also spelled Sharif (and, in countries where Francophone Romanization is the norm, Cherif or Charif), is a proper name derived from the Arabic word sharīf (شريف, ‘noble’, ‘highborn’, ‘honorable’), originally a title designating a person descended from the family of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. More broadly, the title sharīf was historically applied to anyone of noble ancestry or political preeminence in Islamic countries.The name has no etymological connection with the English term sheriff, which comes from the Old English word scīrgerefa, meaning “shire-reeve”, the local reeve (enforcement agent) of the king in the shire (county).
What is the origin of the word Sheriff?
The modern word “Sheriff”, which means keeper or chief of the County, is derived from the Anglo-Saxon words “Shire-Reeve”. The Shire-Reeve, in the days of King Alfred the Great of England, in 871, was responsible for collecting taxes and enforcing the Kings Orders.
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Who was the first Sheriff in America?
The first sheriff in America is believed to be Captain William Stone, appointed in 1634 for the Shire of Northampton in the colony of Virginia. The first elected sheriff was William Waters in 1652 in the same shire (shire was used in many of the colonies, before the word county replaced it.)
The first Sheriff’s Office in America was established in St. Mary’s County, Maryland in 1641. The Office of the Sheriff was set forth in the original Maryland Constitution and remains there today. The citizens of Montgomery County elect a Sheriff every four years. The elected Sheriff, is part of the Judicial Branch of Government.
Who has authority over the Sheriff in Texas?
Who provides oversight of sheriff’s departments in Texas? As peace officers, sheriffs operate under standards set by the Texas Commission on Law Enforcement. The jails that they run are regulated by the Texas Commission on Jail Standards.
According to historical records, Clement Bell became the first Sheriff of Montgomery County in the first year of the Independence of the United States of America, 1777. “This action was approved and ordered by the court. These Proceedings were witnessed by county citizens, Charles Jones, Elisha William’s, Richard Thompson, Edward Burgefs, Sam W. Magruder, William Denkins and Jas Offutt.” The citizens of Montgomery County depended on the Sheriff for all of its law enforcement until the early 1920′s when the Maryland State Police and the Montgomery County Police Departments were formed.The modern word “Sheriff”, which means keeper or chief of the County, is derived from the Anglo-Saxon words “Shire-Reeve”. The Shire-Reeve, in the days of King Alfred the Great of England, in 871, was responsible for collecting taxes and enforcing the Kings Orders. The duties and the role of the Sheriff were better defined in 1215 when King John signed the Magna Carta.
Information on these pages compiled by Chief Deputy Robert L. Keefer (retired) by way of memory, interview, the Sentinel Newspaper, the Brookings Institution, and old documents and Updated by Bruce P. Sherman, Assistant Sheriff unless otherwise stated.
Is sheriff an English name?
English and Scottish: occupational name or nickname from Middle English shirreve, sher(r)eve, sheref(fe) ‘sheriff, officer of the Crown’ (Old English scīrgerēfa, from scīr ‘shire, county’ + (ge)rēfa ‘reeve’), literally the reeve (i.e. steward) of a shire.
“Those containers are now just 6.5 miles from Santa Cruz County,” he said. “I have a department of 38 sheriffs for the whole county, so we are not that big of a department, but we are prepared to draw a line in the sand if these containers make it to SCC. If we become aware of any individuals involved with the placing or trying to place these containers, we will arrest them and charge them with illegal dumping on public land.”“The feds are the ones that should be really upset about these containers,” he said. “I’m not sure why they haven’t done more to stop this. They are just sitting there when they are the ones most impacted.”
“It is clearly illegal activity,” Hathaway told the PRT last Friday, Dec. 2, in a phone interview. “There are no permits for what they’re doing. It is illegal—and it is happening on federal land!”
“It became such a great turnout of people, from all over,” she said. “It’s very heartwarming. After suffering so much over Trump’s wall, you get really charged up when you can actually stop something.”
“You can assume they’re not going to continue work in that [particular] area, but they still have their equipment in the staging area,” she said. “They might attempt to work somewhere else at night, or really, really early in the morning. But the incoming weather may pose a really big problem for them.”
Hathaway’s visit to the construction site in support of the protesters may have been unannounced, but it was not out of character for the sheriff. Hathaway, a Democrat, has been especially outspoken in the last week in his opposition to the controversial $95 million project put in motion earlier this year by Governor Doug Ducey.
Hathaway felt that he was a bit of a “lone voice” in publicly calling out what he believes are illegal actions by the state of Arizona. He expressed disappointment that other agencies—and politicians—at the county, state and federal levels hadn’t done more to stop construction of the wall.Hathaway said his office had received numerous calls from concerned citizens in eastern Santa Cruz County regarding the trucks hauling the containers and heavy equipment, claiming they were traveling at breakneck speed.
Early Friday morning, the camp of protesters seemed to have triumphed. According to Scott, sometime around 7:30am a supervisor for the project asked activists not to block construction machinery, which he said was going to be returned to a staging area. The protesters cooperated, and the heavy equipment is now gone from the site.
On Wednesday afternoon, Santa Cruz County Sheriff David Hathaway made an unscheduled visit to the group of protesters who have been working since Nov. 29 to stop construction of the container wall by the state of Arizona in Coronado National Forest, inside the neighboring Cochise County.
“He just came riding up in his sheriff’s car like he was kind of the cavalry,” said Kate Scott, executive director of the Cochise County-based Madrean Archipelago Wildlife Center and one of the organizers of the ongoing protest. “He said, ‘I’m so glad you guys are here.’ When you do a protest that’s not what you usually hear from law enforcement.”
Maintaining a 24-hour presence near the work site and placing their bodies in front of machinery had allowed the growing group of organized protesters to significantly slow the wall’s construction in the last week, bringing it to a near-halt. A sheriff’s deputy from Cochise County visited the site recently and, according to Scott, told the protesters their actions were within their rights. Scott said the construction workers were clearly frustrated.“I don’t understand why the federal government doesn’t help out, or get an injunction,” said Scott today. “The state government of Arizona is seizing federal land—isn’t that kind of an insurrectionary act? And so I appreciate the direct and succinct statements Sheriff Hathaway has made to the governor. He’s really feisty. His presence, and his enthusiasm and appreciation for what we are doing here, mean a lot.”
“I have nine children and I feel that my family is much safer in Nogales when they are out and about than in many other cities farther from the border,” he said. “A major role of all local political leaders should be to debunk this unwarranted negative image that has been associated with our border communities.”Alicia Barrón Alicia Barrón is a Reporter for Copper Courier and The Americano. She’s from the border town of Nogales, Arizona and has worked in journalism for 20 years, starting at 3TV/azfamily. Most recently, she was a staff writer at Upworthy and BuzzFeed.
A large part of the current economic downturn in the area is due to reduced retail sales from Mexican shoppers. In the next five years, he hopes that the community is able to return to a more robust relationship. That mentality is embodied in the community’s time-honored phrase, “Ambos Nogales,” which means “Both Nogales”. Hathaway wants to preserve the relationship with Mexico, which is essential for the community’s shared economic and cultural interests.
Hathaway strives to be an ambassador for Santa Cruz County as a safe place to live, work, and visit. He feels that he and other local officials can do their part to put forth positive messaging about our communities—especially as the city faces an economic downturn.As a long-term resident of Santa Cruz County, Hathaway is well-aware of the negative image of the border town of Nogales that’s often showed in the national media. However, he knows it’s actually a safe and calm community full of friendly people. He wants to help debunk the Nogales’ unwarranted notoriety.
“I think the Sheriff can do a lot to make sure that public officials respect the members of the community whom they serve and elevate those around them,” Hathaway points out. “I strive to help and encourage all the persons and businesses in the varied economic and cultural mosaic that makes up Santa Cruz County.”
Hathaway said he and the outgoing sheriff have been friends for many years. Estrada served a total of 53 years in uniform, having worked with the Nogales Police Department for 25 years before ascending to Santa Cruz County Sheriff. He held the position for the next 28 years. “I was not expecting the overwhelming landslide margin in the election and it is humbling to see the magnitude of support,” Hathaway said via email. “I want to make sure that I keep that trust.” Democratic candidate David Hathaway won the county sheriff’s race on Nov. 3, succeeding longtime Sheriff Tony Estrada, who served a whopping seven terms. Hathaway will take office in January.He’s a former sheriff’s deputy and headed the Drug Enforcement Agency office in Nogales at one time. He and his wife, Karen, are graduates of Nogales High School; Class of 1977 and Class of 1979, respectively.
As peace officers, sheriffs operate under standards set by the Texas Commission on Law Enforcement. The jails that they run are regulated by the Texas Commission on Jail Standards. The Texas judiciary plays a critical role in ensuring the due process rights of criminal defendants arrested by sheriffs and their deputies. The budget and procedures of sheriff’s departments are subject to oversight by the county commissioners court in their county. In cases of incompetency, official misconduct, or intoxication, sheriffs can be removed from office by a district court following a jury trial.
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With the permission of the county commissioners court, the sheriff may hire deputies to perform his duties, and he may call up a reserve force of reserve deputies in cases of emergency.To serve as sheriff a person must be at least 21 years of age, must not have been convicted of a felony, and must have a a high school diploma or a high school equivalency certificate. The age requirement is lowered if the person has served at least two years in the U.S. military or completed 60 hours of college credit hours. Additionally, the sheriff has a broad mandate to preserve order in his jurisdiction. The Code says, “He shall quell and suppress all assaults and batteries, affrays, insurrections and unlawful assemblies. He shall apprehend and commit to jail all offenders, until an examination or trial can be had.” A sheriff is an elected law enforcement officer who apprehends fugitives, runs a county jail, and leads a team of sheriff’s deputies and other law enforcement personnel, among other duties.As explained in the Texas Code of Criminal Procedure, the sheriff is required to provided to provide jurors “with such necessary food and lodging as he can obtain. No intoxicating liquor shall be furnished them.”Each of the 254 counties in Texas has a sheriff, as required by the Texas Constitution. Elected sheriffs hold a four-year term of office. If a vacancy arises, the County Commissioners Courtmay appoint a new sheriff to serve until the next general election.Police departments are created by cities whereas sheriff’s departments are run by counties. A chief of police is not elected whereas a sheriff is elected. Police only have jurisdiction within a city’s boundaries whereas sheriffs have countywide jurisdiction. Sheriffs run a county jail and transport prisoners to local courts, whereas police usually are not involved in running a jail or providing security to courts. Despite their differences, sheriffs and police share jurisdiction in many matters and frequently cooperate.
Who was the greatest sheriff?
1. Pat Garrett. Although history remembers Pat Garrett as the sheriff who shot and killed the famous outlaw, Billy the Kid, Garrett was, according to many historians, one of the greatest sheriffs of the Old West.
Sheriffs in Texas are elected law enforcement officers who enforce criminal laws, supervise county jails, provide security to the courts, and enforce court orders in civil and criminal cases.As a type of law enforcement officer, also called a peace officer, a county sheriff must obtain a license from the Texas Commission on Law Enforcement within a year of taking office, if the sheriff does not already have such a license.
Who can remove a Texas sheriff from office?
To start the process, someone must file a petition in district court. The petition must then be approved by a district judge before it goes to trial. Texas State Rep.
As a law enforcement officer, also called a peace officer, the sheriff has powers to arrest violators of state laws. The Code of Criminal Procedure (Art. 2.17) says, “Each sheriff shall be a conservator of the peace in his county, and shall arrest all offenders against the laws of the State, in his view or hearing, and take them before the proper court for examination or trial.”
County sheriffs in Texas are also subject to a requirement to execute a bond before performing the duties of office, in an amount established by the commissioners court, between $5,000 and $30,000.
Reserve deputy sheriffs are appointees of the sheriff, on the authorization of the commissioners court. They may be called into service if the sheriff considers it necessary to have additional officers to preserve the peace and enforce the law. This system is a vestige of the “sheriff’s posse,” an armed escort as seen in Western films.
He assisted his friend, Luke Short, the owner of the Long Branch Saloon. Short made an enemy of the Dodge City mayor and the mayor, Larry Deger, attempted to run Short out of town.
Dave Allison’s life work was in law enforcement. In addition to serving as sheriff of Midland, he was a member of the Texas Rangers and Arizona Rangers, the chief of police for Roswell, New Mexico, a West Texas constable, a detective, and a bodyguard.
Although history remembers Pat Garrett as the sheriff who shot and killed the famous outlaw, Billy the Kid, Garrett was, according to many historians, one of the greatest sheriffs of the Old West.
Garrett was relentless in his pursuit of Billy the Kid, but he was a man of honor. After a long stand-off with Billy and his men, the outlaws agreed to surrender if Garrett would promise to keep them safe from the people of New Mexico, who were eager to lynch the outlaws.
His place in American West history was cemented when, on August 2, 1876, Hickok was shot and killed while playing poker in a saloon in Deadwood, a town in Dakota territory.Members of the Cochise County Cowboys, a local gang, caused endless trouble in the area. Holliday’s friend, Wyatt Earp, had joined forces with his brother, Virgil Earp, the city marshal of Tombstone to rid the town of the outlaws, but they needed more help.The jurisdictions were unclear, and hierarchy of authority was fuzzy at best. It was not uncommon for a federal marshal to arrest a sheriff on trumped up charges.
Following his success in Texas, Hays traveled to Arizona and New Mexico to serve as the government appointed U.S. Indian agent. In 1849, he joined the thousands of people migrating to California in search of gold.
Oklahoma was riddled with outlaws and corrupt lawmen. The Three Guardsmen were selected to clean up the state based on their abilities, experience, determination, and honesty. Starting in 1889, Tilghman, Thomas, and Madsen arrested more than 300 outlaws and killed a dozen more. They earned a reputation for being able to track escaping outlaws, even through inhospitable terrain and harsh weather conditions.
The Three Guardsmen gained fame for pursuing the Wild Bunch and the remaining members of the Dalton Gang that joined them. One by one, the Three Guardsmen arrested or killed the members of the Wild Bunch as they tracked them down, putting an end to their reign of terror.At his trial, Doc Holliday claimed self-defense and was acquitted. Although his career as an Old West lawman was not a lengthy one, he is still remembered for bringing justice to Tombstone, Arizona. He was barely 27 years old, and was thereafter elected to six more terms. Allison joined the Arizona Rangers in 1903 and was instrumental in gunning down a train robber named Three Finger Jack, and capturing outlaw fugitives like Bravo Juan Bowes and the Owens brothers. He earned a name for himself as a buffalo hunter and gambler, but also served as the sheriff of Trinidad, Colorado, and then Dodge City, Kansas. In this capacity, he engaged in several gunfights.He befriended Wyatt Earp, the famous gambler and lawman, in Texas. According to some stories, Holliday saved Earp’s life, which started their friendship. Holliday joined Wyatt Earp when he moved further west to Arizona, eventually settling in the town of Tombstone.
Virgil Earp, Wyatt Earp, and Morgan Earp were lawmen brothers who upheld the law in Wichita, Kansas, Dodge City, Kansas, and parts of Texas, and into Arizona.
Who is the most famous sheriff?
History of Sheriff’s Office The office may be called “marshal.” When you talk about a Sheriff many people think of one of the most famous Sheriff’s in American history, Wyatt Earp.
San Francisco was a small, sparsely populated outpost prior to the Gold Rush. The town was not prepared for the sudden influx of newcomers. Captain Jack Hays used his unique brand of Texas crime-fighting to bring order to the region.
Virgil, Wyatt, and their brothers were all described as skilled lawmen, but they also had reputations for settling disagreements with violence. While employed on the police force of Wichita, for example, Wyatt Earp got into a physical altercation with a political rival and had to leave his post.
Called Texas’s most efficient lawman, William Davis “Dave” Allison was the youngest sheriff in the state when he was elected to serve the people of Midland in 1888.
Is sheriff an Arabic word?
Sherif, also spelled Sharif (and, in countries where Francophone Romanization is the norm, Cherif or Charif), is a proper name derived from the Arabic word sharīf (شريف, ‘noble’, ‘highborn’, ‘honorable’), originally a title designating a person descended from the family of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
Town sheriffs had to collect taxes, campaign for election, watch over the inmates in the town jail, and sometimes even shovel horse manure out of the streets. It was not the glamorous career that Hollywood westerns make it out to be.An inquiry into each event failed to prove that Hickok was acting in a way to restore peace and that he had acted in self-defense, yet the juries found each killing justified. Still, Hickok did not earn re-election to the position and moved further west to become marshal of Abilene, Kansas, replacing a marshal who was killed in the line of duty.
Who has the highest authority in law enforcement?
Chief of Police (COP)
Later that same day, the new lawman took part in the Old West’s most famous gun fight, the Shootout at the O.K. Corral. In just half a minute, Holliday and the Earp brothers killed two members of the outlaw gang. Holliday was wounded in the fight but recovered from his injuries.
On June 10, 1888, Bat Masterson, Luke Short, Wyatt Earp, and several of the other gunfighters, posed for a photograph outside the Long Branch Saloon that was cleverly titled, “The Dodge City Peace Commission.”
As Garrett was transporting Billy and his gang back via train, they were set upon by an angry mob determined to get vengeance on the criminals. Garrett and his small band of men held off the mob, keeping his word to protect Billy the Kid. He even told Billy he would return the guns to Billy and his men if the vigilantes made their way into the railcar. A folk legend of the Old West, James Butler Hickok, better known as “Wild Bill” Hickok, lived a colorful life. He grew up amid lawlessness, where vigilante justice was commonplace. This impacted his outlook on law enforcement throughout his life. The Three Guardsmen was the collective name of three legendary Old West lawmen who were tasked with bringing law and order to Oklahoma. They were Bill Tilghman, Heck Thomas, and Chris Madsen. All three were U.S. marshals working under Marshal E.D. Nix.
Holliday followed the Earps on a vendetta ride to track down and kill the remaining members of the gang. Out of their jurisdiction and taking the law into their own hands, the lawmen found themselves on the wrong side of the law.